A collection of miscellaneous basic statistic functions and convenience wrappers for efficiently describing data. The author's intention was to create a toolbox, which facilitates the (notoriously time consuming) first descriptive tasks in data analysis, consisting of calculating descriptive statistics, drawing graphical summaries and reporting the results. The package contains furthermore functions to produce documents using MS Word (or PowerPoint) and functions to import data from Excel. Many of the included functions can be found scattered in other packages and other sources written partly by Titans of R. The reason for collecting them here, was primarily to have them consolidated in ONE instead of dozens of packages (which themselves might depend on other packages which are not needed at all), and to provide a common and consistent interface as far as function and arguments naming, NA handling, recycling rules etc. are concerned. Google style guides were used as naming rules (in absence of convincing alternatives). The 'camel style' was consequently applied to functions borrowed from contributed R packages as well.

NEW FUNCTIONS ADDED:

- Freq2D() calculates a frequency distribution for two continuous variables.
- BlankIfNA() and NAIfBlank() do for characters what ZeroIfNA() does for numeric values.

UPDATED FUNCTIONS:

- TMod() uses a new order for the coefficients. They are returned in sequence of their first appearance in the provided models.
- ModelDlg() supports sorting and filtering of the variables now.
- Lc() gains a predict() interface to estimate Lorenz curves for new percentages.
- PlotQQ() gets a better algorithm for calculating confidence interval bands.
- SplitPath gets a more general regex pattern to separate the extension from the filename.
- StrExtract allows for Perl-like regex patterns now.

BUGFIXES:

- BarText() will handle vectors and 1d arrays correctly now.
- ModSummary() for lms did not handle NAs in coefficient list correctly.

NEW FUNCTIONS ADDED:

- Divisors() returns the divisors of an integer.
- ConvUnit() converts non-SI units and SI units supporting prefixes.
- WrdSaveAs() is a wrapper for saving documents in MS-Word.

UPDATED FUNCTIONS:

- MeanDiffCI() gets a new argument sides for one sided confidence intervals. And so do BinomCI(), BinomDiffCI(), MultinomCI(), PoissonCI().
- PlotDot will use slightly different defaults.
- The legend in PlotLinesA can have a title now.
- ToWrd() gets an argument "bullet" in order to insert a bullet list.
- CollapseTable() will accept missing names now.
- HexToRgb() will accept RRGGBBAA (containing an alpha channel) definitions now.

BUGFIXES:

- ZeroIfNa() will not coerce an integer to numeric anymore.
- WrdCaption() will not insert superfluous NAs anymore.
- Hmean()'s one sided confidence intervals are no longer reversed.
- PlotLinesA() will respect x and y arguments now.
- PlotMiss() had a suboptimal handling of marginal texts.
- McKelveyZavoina's pseudo R2 would not have been correctly calculated when using a factor as reponse variable.

DEFUNCT:

- UnitConv() has been replaced by ConvUnit().
- Lookup() failed the functionality test. Nothing more than match().

NEW FUNCTIONS ADDED:

- ToXL() allows to export data.frames to XL more easily and flexibly.
- dir.choose() does for directories what file.choose() does for files.
- xlConst is a list of a few useful Excel VBA constants.
- SMAPE() has been around for quite a while. It also is exported now.
- Sample() is a wrapper for sample(), adding an option to sample from data.frames. SampleTwins() will be integrated in Sample() in near future.
- DoBy() is a more flexible replacement for PartitionBy().
- Dot(), Cross() and CrossN() can be used for vector geometry tasks.

UPDATED FUNCTIONS:

- Outliers() gets a new argument value allowing to return the indices of the outliers.
- TOne() looses its NUMTEST argument and gets a new TEST argument in order to make the definition of tests more flexible. The p-value can now be formatted with fmt.pval.
- TMod() and OddsRatio() get a plot function to compare coefficients and confidence intervals.
- GetNewXL() will start with a new workbook now.
- Format() accepts functions as argument "fmt" from now on.
- Format() will recyle arguments when formatting data.frames, allowing to have different formats for different columns.
- PlotQQ() gets an argument datax to flip the x and y axis - as qqplot() also has.
- OddsRatio.glm() gets an argument "use.profile" in order to skip profiling when calculating confidence intervals (which can take very long time to complete).
- BinomDiffCI() gets new methods for calculating confidence intervals for a difference of proportions ("mee", "mn", "ha", "scorecc"). At the same time BinomCI() has been extended by the needed method "wilsoncc" (Wilson with continuity correction).

BUGFIXES:

- Desc() will not show an error for variables of class Date containing just one unique value.
- TMod() did not parse the model labels correctly.
- BinomDiffCI() would not have returned correct results for a difference of 0. (Thanks to Stephen Roberts, who with his enquiry brought about the completion of the function.)

DEFUNCT:

- PartitionBy() has been replaced by DoBy().

NEW FUNCTIONS ADDED:

- GeomSn() calculates the elements of a geometric series.
- UnirootAll() is a simple extension of uniroot which extracts many (presumably all) roots in an interval.
- A handful new financial functions have been included: PMT(), IPMT(), PPMT(), RBAL() for periodic payment for an annuity, SLN(), DB(), SYD() for calculating depreciation.
- XLCurrReg() can be used to import current regions in Excel with only a left upper cell address.
- TwoGroups() describes a numeric variable by a factor with two levels.
- PlotCashFlow() creates a simple depiction for the timing of cash flows.
- WrdPageBreak() inserts a page break at the cursor position.

UPDATED FUNCTIONS:

- Winsorize() gains an argument "type" to choose the quantile algorithm.
- NPV() has been vectorized for the argument i.
- IRR() allows to enter the interval for the solutions being searched in and uses UnirootAll() to find all the solutions.
- OddRatio() gets an interface for glms to produce an odds ratio result table for logistic regression objects.
- ModSummary() gets an interface for OddsRatio produced by OddsRatio() and TMod() supports the comparison of OddsRatios.
- PoissonCI() gets a new method "byar" for confidence intervals.
- VarCI() gains a new method "bonett" giving intervals with improved coverage in nonnormal distributions.
- StrVal() gets an optimized regex (Credits to Markus Naepflin)
- plot.desc() for numeric ~ factor offers another plot type consisting of a density plot and a boxplot.
- Phrase() can remove NAs now.
- Bivariate Desc() for numeric ~ factor allows to freely choose the test to be used.
- XLView() gains an argument "preserveStrings", to prevent factors or characters to be converted to numeric when imported in Excel.
- "Additional_repositories" has been changed from http://www.stats.ox.ac.uk/pub/RWin/ to http://www.omegahat.net/R, as the service in Oxford is no longer provided.

BUGFIXES:

- TOne() will display the legend also when marginal results are omitted.

NEW FUNCTIONS ADDED:

- CountCompCases() returns the number of complete cases in a data frame and a table with all the missing of the single variables, as well as the number of complete cases we would receive, if the variable was omitted.
- SplitAt() splits a vector at given positions.
- Append() is used to append elements to a vector, rows/columns to a matrix and columns to a data.frame in the in the same sense as append().
- Add some new univariate parametric extreme value distributions with their distribution, quantile and density functions.

UPDATED FUNCTIONS:

- Wald-Wolfowitz-test may produce inconsistent results if ties exist between two samples. A warning will now be displayed for such cases. (Credits to Vilmantas Gegzna)
- PlotCorr() gets a main argument, which places the main title in a better position.
- Recode() will accept integer definitions for the groups of levels to collapse. A new argument num will return numeric values.
- Shade() gets a upgrade on the expression interface again. It now uses the same logic as is implemented in curve().
- PlotFaces() receives a face lifting.
- PercTable() will break long tables into multiple rows the same way as table() does when it's printed.
- ModelDlg() will edit an already existing formula when selected.
- TOne() gains a new argument "intref" defining the values to be reported for dichotomous numeric and boolean variables.
- StrVal() gets an additional argument "dec" allowing to use a userdefined decimal point when parsing the text.
- XLGetRange() gains a "na.strings" argument for replacing NA characters by real NAs.

BUGFIXES:

- identify.formula() would have omitted NAs while preparing the model.frame and so might have returned wrong rownumbers. It will now by default pass NAs if the argument has not been set.
- Gmean will return 0 if any element of x is zero now.
- Desc.character would not have passed the plots when output to MS-Word.

DEFUNCT:

- InsCol() and InsRow() have been condensed into Append(), which is more general and more flexible.
- PlotMatrix() has not been used and was obsolete.

NEW FUNCTIONS ADDED:

- TTestA() will calculate a Student t-test using given sample statistics rather than actual data.
- NAIfZero is defined to revert ZeroIfNA().

UPDATED FUNCTIONS:

- FixToTab() has been renamed to FixToTable() due to naming consistency reasons
- ChooseColorDlg() has been renamed to ColDlg()
- The names for StuartTauC(), GoodmanGamma() results have been consequently set to lwr.ci and upr.ci.
- Shade loses the argument xlim for the new one named breaks and can now shade multiple areas.
- A Rev interface for data.frames has been added.
- PlotPyramid() gets a new argument rev and does return the result invisibly.
- SortMixed() and OrderMixed have been updated with newest gtools version.
- TOne() will consequently report the reference level for dichotomic factors.
- TMod() will use modelnames for the table now.
- BinomCI() will finally use rownames for a resulting matrix.
- Between and Outside functions (%[]%, %)[%, ...) accept dates now.

BUGFIXES:

- Trim() mixed up the order of the response vector and did not return correct results. (Credits to Bastien Ferland-Raymond)
- Conf() did not return the correct detection prevalence.
- PlotBinTree() would not have placed the text correctly in the horizontal representation.
- Str() would not have passed ... args to str, as stated in help.
- PlotLinesA() would not have set supplied margins.
- IsZero() would mistakenly have returned TRUE for negative values.
- ToWrd.table will place the title right behind the table instead at the end of the document.

NEW FUNCTIONS ADDED:

- Timezone() extracts the timezone from a POSIXct object.
- SetNames() can set rownames, columnnames or simply names.
- PercentRank() calculates percent ranks.

UPDATED FUNCTIONS:

- PlotCorr() gets a new argument "mincor" for preventing small correlations from being displayed.
- PlotBubble() would use better graphical functions to display the bubbles.
- BubbleLegend() offers some more arguments.
- LogSt() can now do what LogLin could.
- PolarGrid() offers more control for axis labels.
- WrdTableBorders() gets arguments for width and color of the borders.

BUGFIXES:

- ModelDlg() would not have returned long data.frames correctly.
- Freq() would not have calculated percentages, when NAs were to be included and a userdefined order was desired.

DEFUNCT:

- Date() was needless, as ISODate does the same job.
- Exec(x), consisting out of eval(parse(text=x)) did not contain enough functionality to justify an own function.
- Same applies to AddClass() and RemoveClass().
- ClipToVect() read the clipboard and printed the enquoted content. This operation is implemented in DescToolsAddIns::Enquote() resulting in a more usable approach.
- LogLin() has been integrated in LogSt() with an option for the base.
- LogGen is not needed anymore.
- SetRowNames(), SetColNames() have been condensed into SetNames().
- LsData() did not survive the "functionality" check, data() can do everything it could.

UPDATED FUNCTIONS:

- lines.lm() would not have handled transformed predictors.
- XLGetRange() gets an argument to determine date columns.
- Two new methods for MultinomCI() implemented: wald, wilson.
- PseudoR2() will work with vglms by now.

BUGFIXES:

- PseudoR2 for multinom models did not always return a value.
- PlotFdist did not synchronize the main xlims to a h-plot.
- Adapted a supposed inconsistency in BinomCI "modified Wilson". (Credits to Andre Gillibert)
- PercTable mismatched the names of columns and rows, when we would have changed the column order.
- Vignettes had not been compiled by v.0.99.20.

DEFUNCT:

- StrRep() does not offer more functionality than strrep() and has therefore been removed.

NEW FUNCTIONS ADDED:

- VonNeumannTest() testing for the randomness of a sequence has been added.
- VecShift() shifts the elements of a vector, filling the opened positions with NAs.
- New functions InsRow() and InsCol() will quickly insert vectors in a matrix.
- New ConoverTest() posthoc test can be used as alternative to DunnTest().
- ModelDlg() displays a dialog for interactively composing a model formula.

UPDATED FUNCTIONS:

- PlotQQ() gets new arguments for adding a confidence band.
- Parameter n in VecRot() has been renamed to k.
- digits will be passed through to PercTable() from Desc().
- ParseSASDatlines() accepts "cards" in addition to "datalines" now.
- PlotFdist() loses its "do.hist" argument. The bar chart for counts can be required with args.hist(type="mass") now.
- BarText() gains an implementation for unstacked bars.
- XLGetRange() gains a new argument echo for printing the used command.
- Further changes due to CRANs updated policies.

BUGFIXES:

- Mean.Freq() slipped through quality control last time...

DEFUNCT:

- median.factor() has been transferred to Median.factor().

NEW FUNCTIONS ADDED:

- Unwhich() returns a logical vector with TRUEs on given positions (inverse which()).
- BootCI() is a wrapper for calculating simple bootstrap confidence intervals for univariate and bivariate measures.
- MatrixPower %^% from expm has been added.
- PlotDev() is a wrapper useful for creating graphic files (TIF, ...).
- AllSubsets() composes formulas and calculates brute force lms and glms.
- Mean.Freq() and Median.Freq() added for calculating mean and median from grouped data.
- BarText() places text in stacked barplots.
- TitleRect() places a rectangular title in a plot.
- as.CDateFmt() converts "dd-mm-yy" format to C format codes.
- Phrase() assembles a small text for describing the means of two groups.

UPDATED FUNCTIONS:

- CramerV() gets a new argument "method" for calculating confidence intervals by using fisher transformation, which is considerably faster than using the noncentral chisquare distribution for bigger n.
- As usual numerous updates in help files.
- KappaM() will run faster avoiding table function in a for loop.
- The data.frame interface of ToWrd() gets two new arguments, as.is and row.names.
- Format() gains a new format option "frac" for displaying fractions (based on MASS::fractions()).
- Format's results have the additional class "Format", which is used to define a print function, displaying the values without quotes and aligned to the right. (print(x, ..., quote=FALSE, right=TRUE))
- StrChop() gains a new argument pos for entering the positions of the cuts and supports vectors of x now.
- StrCap() gains new method for capitalizing titles.
- PlotFun() experiences some slight adaptations in axes defaults.
- Desc will report the percentages for NAs and 0s.
- Desc.numeric looses the standard error for the mean and gains the according confidence interval.
- TOne will accept a function for the test, allowing to change the used test (typically aov or kruskal.test) and format the p value.
- TOne gets an argument to omit totals.

BUGFIXES:

- WrdParagraphFormat(wrd=wrd) <- para would have prevented compilation on R-devel because of the named argument. (Credits to Tomas Kalibera)
- TOne() would have mixed up footnote signs for numeric tests.
- Hmean() returned 1/mean(x) instead 1/mean(1/x) since 0.99.18. (Credits to Christian Koot)
- LOCF() would not have returned leading NAs in a vector correctly. (Credits to Daniel Wollschlaeger)
- Desc data.frame displayed a title with multiple lines for long definitions.

NEW FUNCTIONS ADDED:

- ColumnWrap wraps texts within columns. This allows data.frames with wide texts to be printed wrapped over several lines in the same column.
- Abstract() generates a somewhat less technical summary of a data.frame than str().
- CoefVar() returning the coefficient of variation gains an interface for lm- and aov-objects.
- WrdTableRange, WrdMergeCells, WrdFormatCells are functions useful to format cells in a Word table.
- Unit has the same function as Label, but for units.
- Some does for n random elements of an object what head does for the first n.
- PalDescTools has been renamed to Pal.
- The DescTools palettes can be plotted now by plot(Pal(i)).
- PlotMar will finally plot the margins.
- StrExtract extracts a part of string, accepting regexp patterns.
- Shade is a function for shading the area under a function curve.
- Arrow will draw and error with customized arrowheads.
- Asp returns the aspect ratio of the current plot.
- LineToUser converts lines to user coordinates.
- PlotLog creates log grid.
- axTicks.Date returns the tick positions for a Date axis.
- A handful new functions for validating GLMs have been added: PseudoR2, MAE, MSE, RMSE, MAPE, NMSE, NMAE, BrierScore
- A new function Fmt() returns user defined format templates. as.fmt() creates the structure for such formats.
- ModSummary() and TMod() build a table of given linear models, useful to compare.
- HosmerLemeshowTest used for testing glms has been integrated.
- GeomTrans() can be used to transform a geometric structure by translating, scaling and rotating.
- Basic linear modeling functions VIF() and StdCoef() have been added.

UPDATED FUNCTIONS:

- Numerous updates in help files.
- digits argument is now passed through to Format.
- Desc.data.frame now makes use of the new function Abstract() instead of old str() for giving the initial overview.
- XLGetWorkbook has been brushed up to return all data areas in an Excel Workbook as list.
- XLGetRange will now do what was promised in the help when no range is defined.
- FileOpenCmd gets new format options compared to old ImportDlg.
- PlotFdist gets a new logic for the y-axis of its histogram.
- Palette has been reorganised. PalHelsana, PalTibco etc. have been replaced by
Pal("Helsana") etc. Pal() takes its default value from the options("palette").
`Pal()<-`

can be used to set the option. - Mean and Var get a new argument weights for weighted mean, resp. weighted variance.
- Trim will not longer return a sorted vector. The indices of the trimmed values will now be returned in an attribute "trim".
- Rotate accepts xy.coords and returns the same class (instead of a list).
- Rotate will choose the centroid of the given polygon instead of the fixed point (0,0) and gets a new argument allowing to define the aspect ratio.
- DrawRegPolygon returns a xy.coords object instead of a list.
- PlotLinesA will use lines instead of usr coordinates for placing the legend text. The distance of line segements can now be controlled in more detail.
- DescToolsOptions have been fundamentally reorganized, as they were grown organically and organized chaotically (for not saying: not organized at all ...). See ?DescToolsOptions for all the details. "fixedfont" must now be defined as list, "footnote", "col" are now vectors instead single values and formats (fmt) are organized as list. (see also new function Fmt()).
- In Gini() x will be casted to numeric avoiding overflow for large integer vectors.
- Hmean() and Gmean() get an option for calculating confidence intervals.
- lines.Lc for plotting Lorenz curve gets a CI-option.
- StrDist gets an ignore.case argument.
- Functions using ConDis for calculating concordant discordant pairs, as Kendall Tau-B, Somers Delta and Stuart Tau-C, will run much faster with a O(n log(n)) implementation (as long as no CIs are needed).
- IsDichotomous gets a new argument strict for checking for strictly two levels and a na.rm argument, which is set to FALSE by default.

BUGFIXES:

- PairApply simply overwrote the diagonal with 1, which was inappropriate. Functions are now also evaluated for diagonal elements.
- TOne would not have displayed column names, in case there were only boolean variables in the data.frame to describe. (credits to Beat Bruengger)
- CombN used a wrong formula for the number of permutions with no repetitions respecting order. (credits to Carlos Redondo-Figuero)
- PlotDot erroneously reversed the order of datapoints, when simultaneously supplied with group data and error bars.
- TOne would not have displayed variables with just one unique value.

DEFUNCT:

- The data.frame interface for Label was ambiguous. A data.frame is now treated like any other object.
- SetLabel made no longer sense, since Label and
`Label<-`

had been defined. - ImportDlg has been renamed to FileOpenCmd as it had nothing to do with import of data.
- WrdText has definitely been replaced by ToWrd.
- WrdR has always been a code study and has been removed.
- PlotHorizBar has been removed. barplot can do everyhing it could...
- Ray has been redesigned to Abstract().
- DrawAnnulus, DrawAnnulusSector have been condensed into DrawCircle.
- RobRange has been condensed into Range.

NEW FUNCTIONS ADDED:

- RomanToInt was a sadly missed and long-awaited converting function.
- StrRep repeats and concatenates a string n times.
- AddClass and RemoveClass allow to quickly add and remove a class.
- ORToRelRisk returns the relative risk for a given OR and a marginal frequency.
- New option "digfix" for the number of fixed digits is used in result tables.

UPDATED FUNCTIONS:

- Conf gets interfaces for lda and qda.
- ToWrd gets an interface for ftables.
- XLView gets a new default for the argument rownames, which will now be FALSE by default.
- PlotFdist gets a new argument args.curve.ecdf allowing to superpose a function to the ecdf-plot.
- PlotFdist's default argument for the bw of the density curve changes to bw = "SJ", which turns out to be the better default for n < 1000.
- Large and Small have been recoded in C++ (thanks to Nathan Russel) to run faster and get a renamed argument (na.last instead of na.rm). So far they are supposed be the fastest on the market...
- PartCor has been renamed to CorPart, as it can be better found with that name.
- Format gets a new format code "eng" for engineering format.
- StrDist gets an additional method "normalized levensthein".
- PlotMultiDens gets an additional parameter fill for coloring the areas.
- PlotWeb gets a lwd argument for defining freely the lined widths.
- In Recode the argument newlevels is replaced by the dots argument. This is the same rationale as in Rename. *** This change has the potential to break existing code, I apologize! ***
- Numerous updates in help files.

BUGFIXES:

- Desc for variables with only one value won't raise an error any more.
- Conf for rpart will find the reference now.
- Bug fixed in BreslowDayTest (credits to Michael Hoehle and Jean-Francois Bouzereau)
- WrdCaption would not have assigned the style to paragraph. (thanks to Mathias Frueh)
- Desc.integer did not handle maxrows correct (thanks to David L. Carlson)
- Overlap did not correctly return the overlaping period, as stated in the helpfile.

NEW FUNCTIONS ADDED:

- Lookup wraps the function "match" offering a slim interface.
- New options "lang", "stamp" and "PalDefault" available. "lang" defines the default language for daynames when used by Format, stamp optionally places a timestamp on plots.
- Kendall's tau-a now implemented.
- BreuschGodfreyTest for autocorrelation integrated.
- VarTest implements a one sample chisquare test for variance.
- New plot function for binary tree in PlotBinTree.
- PalDefault will return the default palette, which can be set as option.
- WrdParagraphFormat can be used to define a paragraph format in Word.
- WrdFont and WrdFont<- replace old WrdSetFont and WrdGetFont
- ToWrd wraps some old Wrdxyz functions and can be used to beam objects from R to Word. This will replace WrdText and WrdTable functions in future.

UPDATED FUNCTIONS:

- Desc.table for higher dimensional tables gets its ChiSquare test back again.
- Several corrections and adaptations to the help files.
- GoodmanKruskalTauA has been renamed to the more specific GoodmanKruskalTau.
- StrAlign gets a new interface for left, right and center alignment. See help.
- AddMonths has been splitted in two: AddMonths (for dates) and AddMonthsYM for integers. The ceiling option has been removed, as it was useless. All the rest of the arguments are now being recycled.
- RoundM has been renamed to RoundTo.
- PlotRCol has been renamed to ColPicker and gets a new argument "locator".
- Desc has been conceptually rewritten to follow clearer S3 class design and to be more consistent in the arguments (while improving performance). A print and a plot method are now available. PlotDesc(x) has therefore been replaced by plot(Desc(x)). (I fear this has the potential to break your code, I apologise for that ...)
- The class interfaces .default, .formula etc. are by default not exported anymore. This applies to the function PageTest, LeveneTest, JonckheereTerpstraTest, CochranTest, HotellingsT2Test, DunnTest, DunnetTest, MosesTest, NemenyiTest, PostHocTest, YuenTTest, ZTest, SignTest, RunsTest, ScheffeTest, MeanDiffCI, Format, Label, Rev, Sort, PercTable, Lc, EtaSq, PlotArea, PlotMultiDens, PlotBubble, PlotViolin, Lc, LOCF, Untable, WrdTable. Use methods and/or DescTools:::MyTest.default to address, if in rare cases needed.
- Old PlotDesc.factor's argument ecdf gets another default value.
- StrRight and StrLeft will accept negative n number of characters for cutting characters either right or left.
- ToWide can now merge several parts of a data.frame by a key.
- PlotLines gain new arguments pch, pch.col, etc. for superposing points.
- DunnTest gets an "alternative" argument, the default p-value changes from "one-sided" to "two-sided".
- MeanCI, MedianCI and VarCI get a new argument "sides" for one sided confidence intervals.
- PlotFdist displays the mean and its confidence intervall by default in the boxplot.
- BarnardTest and BartelsRankTest have other alternative options.

BUGFIXES:

- Documentation of GoodmanKruskalTau cited the wrong formula.
- Corrected gcc-UBSAN issue with big integers in GCD.
- PlotDot mistakenly reversed the order of labels, when defined as vector and did not handle groups correctly.
- Hmean reported an error, when supplied with a NA vector, instead of simply returning NA and shut up.
- Desc.numeric would not always have sorted the whole vector, which in some cases resulted in incorrect unique and extreme values.
- StrAlign would not alwas have trimmed white space on the right side.

KNOWN PROBLEMS / TODOS:

- Leading zeros and big.mark can not be used together in Format.
- DoCounts should get an O(n log(n)) implementation, containig std. errors.
- We have not reached our goal yet - documentation is still not finalized, some functions not tested thoroughly enough, others have rather a proof of concept status - but we are well on our way to achieving it. Systematic check over all function interfaces, ensuring consistency with R-standards and DescTools conventions will be performed next.

DEFUNCT:

- WrdTable will now do the job of old WrdAddTable.
- WrdGetFont and WrdSetFont have been replaced by WrdFont and
`WrdFont<-`

NEW FUNCTIONS ADDED:

- BarnardTest calculating Barnard's unconditional test for superiority applied to 2x2 contingency tables.

UPDATED FUNCTIONS:

- FindColor will not use pretty for min.x and max.n anymore.
- PlotMosaic gains new arguments cex and las and better defaults.

BUGFIXES:

- Corrected (hopefully) the last valgrind issue.

NEW FUNCTIONS ADDED:

- new function %like any% has been defined according to the usual SQL logic
- PlotMiss creates a graphical representation of the position of missings.
- SmoothSpline implements a formula interface for smooth.spline.

UPDATED FUNCTIONS:

- ErrBars will accept a kx3-matrix as from argument and use the first as mid, the second as from and the third as to argument.
- PlotHorizBar will automatically adapt the left margin to the width of the labels.
- Desc.table will now report ChiSquare test results with cont. correction only for 2x2 tables (and without contcorr for rxc tables) by default.
- Desc.table gains a conf.level argument, allowing to pass that to OddsRatio, Assocs etc.
- DescNumNum will only display the given function y ~ x anymore (leaving out x ~ y). The smoother can now be set to "loess"" or to "spline".
- PlotDesc.table will interpret col1, col2 as a vector of colors for the two mosaics, instead of two colors spanning a color ramp.
- MarginTable has been renamed to Margins, to delimit it from margin.table.
- IsLeapYear accepts integers instead only dates as argument.
- Stamp looses the arguments wdpath and time, wheras txt can be defined more flexible either as expression or as free text.

BUGFIXES:

- Desc.numeric would not have reported the correct number of zeros, in case zero was the smallest value in x.

BUGFIXES:

- Fix for a serious memory-access error (thanks to B. Ripley).

NEW FUNCTIONS ADDED:

- TextToTable tries to turn a table like text into a table.
- New vignettes "Tables in R", "Combinatorics" have been added.
- StrAlign will align strings on a specific character.
- CombSet generates all combinations of a set x with/without replacement, resp. order.
- CombN returns the number of combinations with/without replacement, resp. order.
- DoCall is a faster alternative for do.call. All formula interfaces and many other functions will profit by it. PlotFdist runs 4 times faster for n ~ 1e6.
- SetRowNames, SetColNames do for rows and columns what setNames does for lists.
- PlotECDF plots empirical cumulative distribution function faster than plot.ecdf.
- Mbind has been replaced by Abind which is more flexible (and I was not aware of before).
- Format templates have been introduced for Desc functions. It now is possible to choose user defined number formats.
- TOne creates a simple first table, describing baseline characteristics.
- New imports from Rcpp.
- Eps returns Greenhouse-Geisser And Huynh-Feldt Epsilons.
- PlotMosaic creates a mosaicplot with reasonable labels (so far for a two-way table only).
- PDFManual gets a pdf manual of a package directly from CRAN.

UPDATED FUNCTIONS:

- Conf will additionally report F1-Score.
- Winsorize will run 40% faster not using pmin, pmax.
- HotellingsT2Test's interface underwent some slight changes.
- Desc.numeric will no longer report normal.test result, which always had been debatable (discouraged by W. Stahel).
- GCD and LCM are coded in C++, making them considerably faster. (credits to Dirk Eddelbuettel)
- As usual some adaptations to new R-Devel.
- StrPad's argument width gets a default value NULL, taking the maximum length of x.
- Desc has been fundamentally redesigned to avoid redundant calculations. Expensive parts has been coded in C++. Some functions will run up to 10-times faster.

BUGFIXES:

- DunnettTest would not have passed additional arguments from formula interface correctly. (The same in DunnTest and NemenyiTest.)
- XL Selection()$Address would not always have returned all selected areas.
- OddsRatio didn't add 0.5 in case there were zeros as described in help.
- DecToOct would not have returned correct results, when x was submitted as character.
- Rev.data.frame is back, enabling PlotCirc to work correctly again.
- Format would not always have set the correct width.
- Stamp would not have set xpd=TRUE resulting in the text not being displayed.

DEFUNCT:

- GetAllSubsets has been replaced by the more flexible function CombSet.
- GetPairs has been renamed to CombPairs, which seemed more intuitive.
- PlotDotCI and PlotDotCIp have been integrated in the more flexible PlotDot. See examples for replacing.

NEW FUNCTIONS ADDED:

- PlotDot is an extended version of dotchart with the option to draw error bars.
- CorPolychor returns the polychoric correlation.
- Nemenyi's test for multiple comparisons after a Kruskal-Wallis test has been added.
- Conf creates a confusion matrix of observed and predicted values.
- Sens and Spec return sensitivity and specificity of a confusion matrix.
- SplitPath will split a path in its components.
- ImportFileDlg will import files from SPSS, SAS etc by means of a dialog.
- power.chisq.test calculating the power of a ChiSquare test has been added.
- as.matrix.xtabs turns xtabs into an identifiable matrix.
- GTest for count data has been added.

UPDATED FUNCTIONS:

- PlotFct has been renamed to PlotFun which seems more intuitive.
- SaveAs has been renamed to SaveAsDlg to follow the packages naming conventions.
- PlotFaces gets a new col argument for using colours.
- MoveAvg gets a new argument "endrule" and the result will be the same class as x.
- ParseSASDatalines gets a new option to directly generate the dataset with the given data name in the global environment.
- Rev does now support higher dimensional tables or arrays. With this change the argument direction has been replaced by margin, which works in the same manner as in margin.table. The data.frame interface has been removed (practically not used).
- ToLong will now set rownames, expanded from columnnames and rownames of the original data.
- HuberM gets a new interface, hiding some technical arguments and adding the option for confidence intervals.
- Strata has been partly rewritten, but some previously available methods are not yet implemented.

BUGFIXES:

- Bug in CohenD fixed.
- ColorLegend would erroneously have reversed the colour labels.
- WrdDesc.table did not correctly produce the plot.
- tcltk has been moved from imports to suggests, as loading DescTools in RStudio under linux would sometimes have hung (credits to Henk Harmsen for telling).
- Classic confidence intervals for skewness and kurtosis used pnorm instead of qnorm :-(

NEW FUNCTIONS ADDED:

- SaveAs brings up file.choose for saving a R object.
- Explore is back again, as the package "manipulate" is on CRAN meanwhile.
- DurbinWatsonTest for autocorrelation added.

UPDATED FUNCTIONS:

- The date functions have been changed to use as.POSIXlt for better performance.
- DrawBand will accept matrices of coordinates.
- Impute gets other default values. Now the median(x, na.rm=TRUE) will be used.
- Small and Large have been redesigned to run faster.
- Calculation of winsorized variance, used for confidence intervals for trimmed means in MeanCI, is much faster for large x.
- Format code restrictions for dates have been formulated more liberal such as to allow formats like "yyyymmdd".
- Desc.numeric will no longer refuse to describe numeric vectors with additional classes.

BUGFIXES:

- XLGetRange's call attribute would only have returned the header instead of the address(es) of the selected range(s).
- Desc.table for higher dimensional tables does not any more report erroneously ChiSquare-Test results.
- Correcting several issues with new R-Devel.

NEW FUNCTIONS ADDED:

- CollapseTable collapses levels within a table.
- Distributions dBenford and dRevGumbel have been added.
- PlotTernary creates triangle plots.
- CartToSph, SphToCart convert cartesian coordinates into spherical ones.
- LastDayOfMonth returns the date of the last day of the month.
- YuenTTest computes a robust t-Test by Yuen, using trimmed means and winsorized variances.
- FindCorr finds strong correlations in a dataset.
- Exec wraps eval and parse and executes code given as text.
- ZeroIfNA replaces NAs by 0 (like the SQL function "zeroifnull")
- Impute will fill gaps with any desired value.
- PartitionBy mimics the SQL OLAP functions FUN(x) OVER (PARTITION BY grp).
- DenseRank calculates consecutive ranks without ties.
- XLKill kills a hidden XL task, which can't be closed otherwise.
- Agree quantifies the agreement of several raters.
- PostHocTest gets a new interface for tables, performing pairwise ChiSq-tests with the option to adjust p-values for multiple testing.
- PostHocTest gains a new option "duncan", computing Duncan's MRT
- Dunn's test of multiple comparisons using rank sums added (DunnTest).
- DunnettTest performs a Dunnett multiple comparisons test.
- lines.smooth.spline does for this smoother, what lines.loess did for loess.
- RndPairs returns pairs of correlated random numbers.
- BubbleLegend creates a legend for bubble plots.
- Format combines the functionality of the old functions FormatFix and FormatSig and adds some extensions like leading zeros and dates.
- CCC calculates Lin's concordance correlation coefficient for agreement.
- CoefVar yields the coefficient of variation and its confidence limits.
- CohenD calculates Cohen's effect size d and its confidence limits.
- BinomRatioCI calculates confidence intervals for the ratio of binomial and multinomial proportions.
- The new function Overlap returns the extent of the overlapping part of two ranges.

UPDATED FUNCTIONS:

- Min has been renamed to Minute and Sec to Second.
- Hour, Minute, Second do accept POSIXct times now.
- CorCI loses the argument
*twotailed*and gains the argument*alternative*. This is following the logic in other test- and CI-functions. - Assocs has been redesigned to run faster (but it still has accelerating potential..)
- Untable has been extended to support frequency form of tables (a data.frame with levels of the factors and a "Freq" column).
- XLGetRange returns the full call statement as attribute.
- OddsRatio will be calculated as log OR instead of simple OR, allowing bigger n. (Well, David Meyer has been there long before, as I noticed lately...)
- AddMonths accepts a vector of dates.
- Trim accepts integer values on the argument trim. The function returns NA instead of median(x), if trim is set to a value > 0.5, resp. n/2.
- Desc.table now reports missing values, if there are any.
- Desc.data.frame accepts a main vector, allowing the user to define his own main captions.
- Lorenz curve function Lc gains a formula interface for creating groupwise curves.
- PlotBubble gains a formula interface and some more arguments, e.g. args.legend.
- Mround has been renamed to RoundM, and gains a new argument FUN which allows to define the rounding function (ceiling, floor, ..).
- EtaSq has been extended by Daniel Wollschlaeger (thanks).
- BinomCI uses rownames now. It gains further a new method "pratt".
- PlotVenn gains a new argument "labels". The argument "plot" has been renamed to "plotit" (to be consistent with the package naming rules).
- Fibonacci has been redesigned to run faster.
- Kappam has been renamed to KappaM.
- TheilU's argument "method" has been renamed to "type".
- ICC gains a new argument "type" to choose a specific type of ICC.
- Agreement functions KendallW, KappaM, ICC, CronbachAlpha etc. have been harmonised.
- AreaIdent has been renamed to IdentifyA (which seems to be more intuitive).
- MeanCI has been enhanced to calculate confidence intervals for trimmed means.
- StrVal gains two new arguments paste and as.numeric.
- Many smaller changes on the documentation and helpfiles.
- PairApply argument "symmetric" gets another default value: "FALSE" instead of "TRUE". This seems more robust, as the other way round potential errors are more likely.

DEFUNCT:

- WhichNumerics, WhichFactors, WhichFlags are not needed anymore. which(sapply(x, IsNumeric)), sapply(x, IsDichotmous), sapply(x, is.factor) do the job.
- DescFactFact is a relict and obsolete. Use of Desc.formula or Desc.table is recommended.
- FormatFix and FormatSig have been replaced by the new function Format.
- Explore has been removed because of its dependency for the package "manipulate" (which is not on CRAN). It might be added again built on tcltk down the road.

BUGFIXES:

- plotit was not correctly interpreted in Desc.factor (credits to Thomas Schlesinger).
- PlotVenn did not correctly place the figures in the 2-sample case (credits to Andrew Marritt).

UPDATED FUNCTIONS:

- Outlier has been changed to strictly following the boxplot logic.
- DescToolsOptions gains a default argument allowing to reset the options.
- WrdText allows to set some paragraph format and text color now.

BUGFIXES:

- anyNA is only defined for R >= 3.1, the according dependency has been defined.
- the key.ico file has been placed in /extdata directory and should definitely be found now by the function PasswordDlg(). (shame on me..)

NEW FUNCTIONS ADDED:

- Outside operators, e.g. %][%, are checking if values lie outside a given range.
- StrPos gives the first found position of a string in another string.
- LOF yields the local outlier factor (Breuning, 2000) of a matrix using k neighbours.
- NPV and IRR calculate the Net Present Value and the Internal Rate of Return. OPR calculates the one period simple or log returns.
- DiffDays360 calculates the difference of two dates using the 360-days algorithm.
- Vigenere implements a simple vigenere encryption algorithm.
- Some more time functions added: Now, Today, Hour, Min, Sec.
- IsLeapYear tests what it promises to.
- HmsToSec, SecToHms convert hⓂ️s times to seconds and vice versa.
- UnitConv convert some commonly used units.
- MixColor gets a mixture of two colors.
- Trim cuts extreme values from a vector x as used for calculating a trimmed mean.
- Stuart-Maxwell computes a marginal homogeneity test. LehmacherTest does the same.
- ScheffeTest returns the results of a multiple comparisons Scheffe test. NewmanKeulsTest does the same based on Tukey's HSD test.
- PostHocTest is a wrapper for the most frequently used post hoc tests in ANOVA, including FisherLSD, Bonferroni (Dunn), TukeyHSD, (Student-)Newman-Keuls and Scheffe.
- New function EtaSq calculates the effect sizes for ANOVAs.
- Several new tests added: HotellingsT2Test, BartelsRankTest.
- Keywords reports the keywords of a manual page.
- SysInfo displays some information about system and environment.
- Recyle recyles a list of elements to the maximal dimension found in the whole list.
- The function Explore(data.frame) allows a little bit of interactive plotting.
- PlotFct helps to plot mathematical expressions or functions.
- ToLong, ToWide are two simple functions for reshaping a vector.
- Mar allows to set single plot margins while leaving the others unchanged.
- New data: d.period contains the Periodic System of the Elements.
- ParseSASDatalines reads SAS datalines in a data.frame.
- MarginTable wraps margin.table and calculates all of them, percentages included.

UPDATED FUNCTIONS:

- PlotHorizBars gains new arguments "height" and "add".
- PlotQQ includes a qqline now.
- Bivariate Desc-functions gain a plotit argument.
- Between operators will accept multiple ranges making them more flexible.
- The runs test has been extended to 2 samples (Wald-Wolfowitz-Test). The p-value is now calculated exact for small sample sizes.
- Kurt and Skew, computing kurtosis and skewness, are running 15-times faster using C-code.
- Lorenz curves will now report Gini coefficient.
- The function "AddErrBars" has been renamed to "ErrBars".
- The function "AddLm" has been redesigned to "lines.lm".
- The function "AddLoess" has been redesigned to "lines.loess".
- AddConnLines has been renamed to "ConnLines" and gains a new argument xalign, which allows to add lines to a barplot which are aligned to the middle of the bars.
- The argument "quant" in CutQ has been renamed to "probs", according to the naming in quantile.
- PlotFdist has a new option "curve" to be used to add e.g. a normal density curve to the histogram.
- AndersonDarlingTest calculation logic was replaced with the newer Marsaglia approach. (I'm not sure, whether this was wise. Tell me what you think about that!)
- JarqueBeraTest gains a new argument
*robust*, calculation a robust version of the test. - StrPad has been given recycling power for all arguments. The "str" argument has been renamed to "pad".
- The argument "type" in MeanCI, MeanDiffCI, MedianCI, VarCI has been renamed to "method" such as to be consistent with others CIs.
- The argument verb in Desc.table has been renamed to "verbose" and its allowed values to "medium", "low" and "high". Anyhow this change will not break existing code, as abbreviation is allowed.
- Desc-functions have been cleared out, resulting in better consistency and faster and more robust behaviour.
- LOCF gets a faster implementation.

BUGFIXES:

- Bug corrected for Cramer's V confidence intervals. Credits to Steven J. Pierce for spotting the problem and to Michael Smithson for fixing it.
- The icon file for the PasswordDlg could not be found resulting in the dialog not being displayed.
- PlotFdist did not handle args.boxplot = NA correctly, meaning no boxplot being displayed.
- Hmean will now report NA if any x < 0.
- LsFct did not only list the functions but all objects of a package.
- StrChop did not chop the last part of the string correctly.
- DescWrd would not have run on Word versions other than German because of a local template name. This should be fixed for all language versions now.

NEW FUNCTIONS ADDED:

- MoveAvg calculates the moving average of a vector x.
- WrdInsTab creates a table in a MS-Word document (Windows only).
- Large/Small return the kth largest/smallest values of a vector x.
- PtInPoly checks whether points lie within a defined polygon or not. (credits to SDMTools)
- IsWeekend does what you'd expect it to.
- StrAbbr abbreviates strings from the right while ensuring that they remain unique.
- PalDescTools collects a few more palettes.
- BinomDiffCI yields the confidence interval for a difference of proportions.
- Outlier returns a vector of values marked as outliers in boxplot.
- StrVal extracts all numbers out of a string.
- SampleTwins draws a sample with comparable strata properties.
- PasswordDlg brings up a dialog to enter a password while displaying only ***.
- KendallW calculates Kendall's coefficient of concordance.
- KrippAlpha calculates Krippendorfs' Alpha reliability coefficient.
- PlotQQ plots a QQ-plot for a variable with an assumed distribution.

UPDATED FUNCTIONS:

- PlotGACF will not plot ACF(0) any more. Lags instead of phases will be used for ts-objects as x-axis.
- Desc.integer looses its maxlevels argument and gains "maxrows" and "freq". See help.
- TukeyBiweight gains a na.rm argument and has been changed to use .Call instead of old .C function.
- MeanDiffCI gains a formula interface.
- HighLow uses a more efficient algorithm, based on the function Large/Small.
- PlotWeb gains a couple of new arguments, making it more flexible.
- AreaIdent gains a new argument poly. With poly=TRUE a polygon instead of a rectangle can be used to select the interesting points.
- PlotCorr gains a border and lwd argument, allowing a grid being added.
- ZTest has been extended with the option to handle 2 sample tests in the same manner as t.test. Moreover a formula interface has been added.
- PpAddSlide will now set a newly inserted slide as active slide.
- The artificial data.frame d.pizza has been given more structure between the variables.

BUGFIXES:

- AddLm(x, y, ...) created the wrong formula x ~ y instead of the correct y ~ x model.
- Corrected bug in function StrDist: wrong initialisation for Levenshtein distance.
- Corrected a bug in BinomCI identified by Steven Kern in the modified Jeffreys interval for binomial proportions.
- AddConnLines confused the space argument between horiz=FALSE and horiz=TRUE.
- shapiro.test would have stopped the Desc procedure, if a variable had only identical values. This has been corrected so, that the error message will be printed, while the function Desc will proceed to describe remaining variables.
- PoissonCI was not yet fully implemented.

OTHER NOTES:

- Updated the NEWS file.

- first version published on CRAN - 07.01.2014