Verbs and Nouns for Corpus Analysis

Package for corpus analysis using the Corpus Workbench ('CWB', <>) as an efficient back end for indexing and querying large corpora. The package offers functionality to flexibly create subcorpora and to carry out basic statistical operations (count, co-occurrences etc.). The original full text of documents can be reconstructed and inspected at any time. Beyond that, the package is intended to serve as an interface to packages implementing advanced statistical procedures. Respective data structures (document-term matrices, term-co-occurrence matrices etc.) can be created based on the indexed corpora.

License CRAN_Status_Badge Downloads Travis-CI BuildStatus AppVeyor BuildStatus codecov DOI

Purpose: The focus of the package ‘polmineR’ is the interactive analysis of corpora using R. Core objectives for the development of the package are performance, usability, and a modular design.

Aims: Key aims for developing the package are:

  • To keep the original text accessible. A seamless integration of qualitative and quantitative steps in corpus analysis supports validation, based on inspecting the text behind the numbers.

  • To provide a library with standard tasks. It is an open source platform that will make text mining more productive, avoiding prohibitive costs to reimplement basics, or to run many lines of code to perform a basic tasks.

  • To create a package that makes the creation and analysis of subcorpora (‘partitions’) easy. A particular strength of the package is to support contrastive/comparative research.

  • To offer performance for users with a standard infrastructure. The package picks up the idea of a three-tier software design. Corpus data are managed and indexed by using the Open Corpus Workbench (CWB). The CWB is particularly efficient for storing large corpora and offers a powerful language for querying corpora, the Corpus Query Processor (CQP).

  • To support sharing consolidated and documented data, following the ideas of reproducible research.

Background: The polmineR-package was specifically developed to make full use of the XML annotation structure of the corpora created in the PolMine project (see The core PolMine corpora are corpora of plenary protocols. In these corpora, speakers, parties etc. are structurally annotated. The polmineR-package is meant to help making full use of the rich annotation structure.

Core Functions

Upon loading polmineR, a message will report the version of the package and the location of a so-called ‘registry’-directory.

#> polmineR v0.7.10.9001
#> session registry:  /private/var/folders/r6/1k6mxnbj5077980k11xvr0q40000gn/T/Rtmpe923aa/polmineR_registry

The session registry directory is populated with files that describe the corpora that are present and accessible on the user’s system.

Install and use packaged corpora

Indexed corpora wrapped into R data packages can be installed from a (private) package repository.

install.packages("GermaParl", repos = "")
install.packages("europarl.en", repos = "")

Calling the use()-function will activate a corpus included in a data package. The registry files describing the corpora in a package are added to the session registry directory.

use("europarl.en") # activate the corpus in the europarl-en package
#> ... activating corpus: europarl-en

An advantage of keeping corpora in data packages are the versioning and documentation mechanisms that are the hallmark of packages. Of course, polmineR will work with the library of CWB indexed corpora stored on your machine. The corpora described in the registry directory defined by the environment variable CORPUS_REGISTRY will be added to the session registry directory when loading polmineR.

partition (and partition_bundle)

All methods can be applied to a whole corpus, as well as to partitions (i.e. subcorpora). Use the metadata of a corpus (so-called s-attributes) to define a subcorpus.

ep2005 <- partition("EUROPARL-EN", text_year = "2006")
#> ... get encoding: latin1
#> ... get cpos and strucs
#> [1] 3100529
barroso <- partition("EUROPARL-EN", speaker_name = "Barroso", regex = TRUE)
#> ... get encoding: latin1
#> ... get cpos and strucs
#> [1] 98142

Partitions can be bundled into partition_bundle objects, and most methods can be applied to a whole corpus, a partition, or a partition_bundle object alike. Consult the package vignette to learn more.

count (using CQP syntax)

Counting occurrences of a feature in a corpus, a partition or in the partitions of a partition_bundle is a basic operation. By offering access to the query syntax of the Corpus Query Processor (CQP), polmineR package exposes a query syntax that goes far beyond regular expressions. See the CQP documentation to learn more.

count("EUROPARL-EN", "France")
#>     query count         freq
#> 1: France  5517 0.0001399122
count("EUROPARL-EN", c("France", "Germany", "Britain", "Spain", "Italy", "Denmark", "Poland"))
#>      query count         freq
#> 1:  France  5517 1.399122e-04
#> 2: Germany  4196 1.064114e-04
#> 3: Britain  1708 4.331523e-05
#> 4:   Spain  3378 8.566676e-05
#> 5:   Italy  3209 8.138089e-05
#> 6: Denmark  1615 4.095673e-05
#> 7:  Poland  1820 4.615557e-05
count("EUROPARL-EN", '"[pP]opulism"')
#>            query count         freq
#> 1: "[pP]opulism"   107 2.713542e-06

dispersion (across one or two dimensions)

The dispersion method is there to analyse the dispersion of a query, or a set of queries across one or two dimensions (absolute and relative frequencies). The CQP syntax can be used.

populism <- dispersion("EUROPARL-EN", "populism", s_Attribute = "text_year", progress = FALSE)
popRegex <- dispersion("EUROPARL-EN", '"[pP]opulism"', s_attribute = "text_year", cqp = TRUE, progress = FALSE)

cooccurrences (to analyse collocations)

The cooccurrences method is used to analyse the context of a query (including some statistics).

islam <- cooccurrences("EUROPARL-EN", query = 'Islam', left = 10, right = 10)
islam <- subset(islam, rank_ll <= 100)

features (keyword extraction)

Compare partitions to identify features / keywords (using statistical tests such as chi square).

ep2002 <- partition("EUROPARL-EN", text_year = "2002", p_attribute = "word")
epPre911 <- partition("EUROPARL-EN", text_year = 1997:2001, p_attribute = "word")
y <- features(ep2002, epPre911, included = FALSE)

kwic (also known as concordances)

So what happens in the context of a word, or a CQP query? To attain valid research results, reading will often be necessary. The kwic method will help, and uses the conveniences of DataTables, outputted in the Viewer pane of RStudio.

kwic("EUROPARL-EN", "Islam", meta = c("text_date", "speaker_name"))

read (the full text)

Corpus analysis involves moving from text to numbers, and back again. Use the read method, to inspect the full text of a partition (a speech given by chancellor Angela Merkel in this case).

merkel <- partition("GERMAPARL", speaker = "Angela Merkel", date = "2013-09-03")

as.TermDocumentMatrix (for text mining purposes)

Many advanced methods in text mining require term document matrices as input. Based on the metadata of a corpus, these data structures can be obtained in a fast and flexible manner, for performing topic modelling, machine learning etc.

speakers <- partition_bundle(
  "EUROPARL-EN", s_attribute = "speaker_id",
  progress = FALSE, verbose = FALSE
speakers_count <- count(speakers, p_attribute = "word", progress = TRUE)
tdm <- as.TermDocumentMatrix(speakers_count, col = "count")



The following instructions assume that you have installed R. If not, install it fromCRAN. An installation of RStudio is highly recommended.

The CRAN release of polmineR can be installed using install.packages(), all dependencies will be installed, too.


To install the most recent development version that is hosted in a GitHub repository, use the installation mechanism offered by the devtools package.

devtools::install_github("PolMine/polmineR", ref = "dev")

Check the installation by loading polmineR and activating the corpora included in the package.



The following instructions for Mac users assume that R is installed on your system. Binaries are available from the Homepage of the R Project. An installation of RStudio is highly recommended. Get the Open Source License version of RStudio Desktop.

At this stage, the RcppCWB dependency is not available as a pre-compiled binary and needs to be compiled. A set of system requirements needs to be fulfilled to do this.

First, you will need an installation of Xcode, which you can get it via the Mac App Store. You will also need the Command Line Tools for Xcode. It can be installed from a terminal with:

xcode-select --install

Please make sure that you agree to the license.

Second, an installation of XQuartz is required. It can be obtained from

Third, to fulfill the system requirements of the RcppCWB package, the Glib and pcre libraries need to be installed. Using a package manager makes things considerably easier. We recommend using ‘Homebrew’. To install Homebrew, follow the instructions on the Homebrew Homepage. The following commands then need to be executed from a terminal window. They will install the C libraries that the RcppCWB package relies on:

brew -v install pkg-config
brew -v install glib --universal
brew -v install pcre --universal
brew -v install readline

The latest release of polmineR can be installed from CRAN using the usual install.packages-function.


The development version of polmineR can be installed using devtools:

install.packages("devtools") # unless devtools is already installed
devtools::install_github("PolMine/polmineR", ref = "dev")

Check whether everything works by loading polmineR, and activating the demo corpora included in the package.


Linux (Ubuntu)

If you have not yet installed R on your Ubuntu machine, there is a good instruction at ubuntuuser. To install base R, enter in the terminal.

sudo apt-get install r-base r-recommended

Make sure that you have installed the latest version of R. The following commands will add the R repository to the package sources and run an update. The second line assumes that you are using Ubuntu 16.04.

sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver E084DAB9
sudo add-apt-repository 'deb xenial/'
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade

It is highly recommended to install RStudio, a powerful IDE for R. Output of polmineR methods is generally optimized to be displayed using RStudio facilities. If you are working on a remote server, running RStudio Server may be an interesting option to consider.

The RcppCWB package, the interface used by polmineR to query CWB corpora, will require the pcre, glib and pkg-config libraries. They can be installed as follows. In addition libxml2 is installed, a dependency of the R package xml2 that is used for manipulating html output.

sudo apt-get install libglib2.0-dev libssl-dev libcurl4-openssl-dev
sudo apt-get install libxml2-dev
sudo apt-get install libprotobuf-dev

The system requirements will now be fulfilled. From R, install dependencies for rcqp/polmineR first, and then rcqp and polmineR.


Use devtools to install the development version of polmineR from GitHub.

devtools::install_github("PolMine/polmineR", ref = "dev")

You may want to install packaged corpora to run examples in the vignette, and the man packages.


To have access to all package functions and to run all package tests, the installation of further system requirements and packages is required. The xlsx dependency requires that rJava is installed and configured for R. That is done on the shell:

sudo apt-get install openjdk-8-jre
sudo R CMD javareconf

To run package tests including (re-)building the manual and vignettes, a working installation of Latex is required, too. Be aware that this may be a time-consuming operation.

sudo apt-get install texlive-full texlive-xetex 

Now install the remaining packages from within R.

install.packages(pkgs = c("rJava", "xlsx", "tidytext"))


polmineR 0.7.11


  • A Cooccurrences()-method and a Cooccurrences-class have been migrated from the (experimental) polmineR.graph package to polmineR to generate and manage all cooccurrences in a corpus/partition. A cooccurrenes()-method produces a subset of Cooccurrences-class object and is the basis for ensuring that results are identical.
  • New functionality to make using corpora more robust when paths include special characters: There is now a temporary data directory which is a subdirectory of the per-session temporary directory. A new function data_dir() will return this temporary data directory. The use()-function will now check for non-ASCII characters in the path to binary corpus data and move the corpus data to the temporary data directory (a subdirectory of the directory returned by data_dir()), if necessary. An argument tmp added to use() will force using a temporary directory. The temporary files are removed when the package is detached.
  • Experimental functionality for a non-standard evaluation approach to create subcorpora via a zoom()-method. See documentation for (new) corpus-class (?"corpus-class") and extended documentation for partition-class (?"partition-class"). A new corpus()-method for character vector serves as a constructor. This is a beginning of somewhat re-arranging the class structure: The regions-class now inherits from the new corpus-class, and a new subcorpus-class inherits from the regions-class.
  • A new function check_cqp_query() offers a preliminary check whether a CQP query may be faulty. It is used by the cpos()-method, if the new argument check is TRUE. All higher-level functions calling cpos() also include this new argument. Faulty queries may still cause a crash of the R session, but the most common source is prevent now, hopefully.
  • A format()-method is defined for textstat, cooccurrences, and features, moving the formatting of tables out of the view(), and print()-methods. This will be useful when including tables in Rmarkdown documents.


  • Startup messages reporting the package version of polmineR and the registry path are omitted now.
  • The functions registry() and data_dir() now accept an argument pkg. The functions will return the path to the registry directory / the data directory within a package, if the argument is used.
  • The data.table-package used to be imported entirely, now the package is imported selectively. To avoid namespace conflicts, the former S4 method is now a S3 method. Warnings appearing if the data.table package is loaded after polmineR are now omitted.
  • The coerce()-methodes to turn textstat, cooccurrences, features and kwic objects into htmlwidgets now set a pageLength.
  • New methods for partition_bundle objects: [[<-, $, $<-
  • Rework of indexing textstat objects.
  • A slot p_attribute has been added to the kwic-class; kwic()-methods and methods to process kwic-objects are now able to use the attribute thus indicated, and not just the p-attribute "word".
  • A new size()-method for context-objects will return the size of the corpus of interest (coi) and the reference corpus (ref).
  • New encoding()-method for character vector.
  • New name()-method for character vector.
  • A new count()-method for context-objects will return the data.table in the stat-slot with the counts for the tokens in the window.
  • The decode()-function replaces a decode()-method and can be applied to partitions. The return value is a data.table which can be coerced to a tibble, serving as an interface to tidytext (#37).
  • The ngrams()-method will work for corpora, and a new show()-method for textstat-object generates a proper output (#27).


  • Any usage of tempdir() is wrapped into normalizePath(..., winslash = "/"), to avoid mixture of file separators in a path, which may cause problems on Windows systems.
  • In the calculation of cooccurrences, the node has previously been included in the window size. This has been corrected.
  • The kwic()-method for corpora returned one surplus token to the left and to the right of the query. The excess tokens are not removed.
  • The object returned by the kwic()-method for character-objects method did not include the correct position of matches in the cpos slot. Corrected.
  • Bug removed that occurrs when context window reaches beyond beginning or end of a corpus (#48).
  • When generating a partition_bundle using the as.speeches()-method, an error could occur when an empty partition has been generated accidentaly. Has been removed. (#50)
  • The as.VCorpus()-method is not available if the tm-package has been loaded previously. A coerce method (as(OBJECT, "VCorpus")) solves the issue. Theas.VCorpus()`-method is still around, but serves as a wrapper for the formal coerce-method (#55).
  • The argument verbose as used by the use()-method did not have any effect. Now, messages are not reported as would be expected, if verbose is FALSE. On this occasion, we took care that corpora that are activated are now reported in capital letters, which is consistent with the uppercase logic you need to follow when using corpora. (#47)
  • A new check prevents an error that has occurred when a token queried by the context()-method would occurr at the very beginning or very end of a corpus and the window would transgress the beginning / end of the corpus without being checked (#44).
  • The as.speeches()-function caused an error when the type of the partition was not defined. Solved (#57).
  • To deal with issues resulting from an unset locale, there is a check during startup whether the locale is unset (i.e. 'C') (#39).
  • There was a difficulty to generate a TermDocumentMatrix from a partition_bundle if the partitions in the partition_bundle were not named. The fix is to assign integer numbers as names to the partitions (#58).


  • Substantial rework of the documentation of the ll(), and chisquare()-methods to make the statistical procedure used transparent.
  • Expanded documentation for cooccurrences()-method to explain subsetting results vs applying positivelist/negativelist (#28).
  • Wrote some documentation for the round()-method for textstat-objects that will show up in documentation of textstat class.
  • Improved documentation of the mail()-method (#31).
  • In the examples for the decode()-function, using the REUTERS corpus replaces the usage of the GERMAPARLMINI corpus, to reduce time consumed when checking the package.

polmineR 0.7.10


  • The package now offers a simplified and seamless workflow for dictionary-based sentiment analysis: The weigh()-method has been implemented for the classes count and count_bundle. Via inheritance, it will also be available for the partition- and partition_bundle-classes. Then, a new summary()-method for partition-class objects is introduced. If the object has been weighed, the list that is returned will include a report on weights. There is an example that explains the workflow.
  • The partition_bundle-method for context-objects has been reworked entirely (and is working again); a new partition-method for context-objects has been introduced. Buth steps are intended for workflows for dictionary-based sentiment analysis.
  • The highlight()-method is now implemented for class kwic. You can highlight words in the neighborhood of a node that are part of a dictionaty.
  • A new knit_print()-method for textstat- and kwic-objects offers a seamless inclusion of analyses in Rmarkdown documents.
  • A coerce()-method to turn a kwic-object into a htmlwidget has been singled out from the show()-method for kwic-objects. Now it is possible to generate a htmlwidget from a kwic object, and to include the widget into a Rmarkdown document.
  • A new coerce()-method to turn textstat-objects into an htmlwidget (DataTable), very useful for Rmarkdown documents such as slides.
  • A new argument height for the html()-method will allow to define a scroll box. Useful to embed a fulltext output to a Rmarkdown document.


  • The partition_bundle-class, rather than inheriting from bundle-class directly, will now inherit from the count_bundle-class
  • The use()-function is limited now to activating the corpus in data packages. Having introduced the session registry, switching registry directories is not needed any more.
  • The as.regions()-function has been turned into a as.regions()-method to have a more generic tool.
  • Some refactoring of the context-method, so that full use of data.table speeds up things.
  • The highlight()-method allows definitions of terms to be highlighted to be passed in via three dots (...); no explicit list necessary.
  • A new as.character()-method for kwic-class objects is introduced.


  • The size_coi-slot (coi for corpus of interest) of the context-object included the node; the node (i.e. matches for queries) is excluded now from the count of size_coi.
  • When calling use(), the registry directory is reset for CQP, so that the corpora in the package that have been activated can be used with CQP syntax.
  • The script has been removed so that installation works on Windows without an installation of Rtools.
  • Bug removed from s_attributes()-method for partition-objects: "fast track" was activated without preconditions.
  • Bug removed that would swallow metadata/s-attributes to be displayed in kwic-output after highlighting.
  • As a matter of consistency, the argument meta has been renamed to s_attributes for the kwic()-method for context-objects, and for the enrich()-method for kwic-objects.
  • To avoid confusion (with argument s_attributes), the argument s_attribute to check for integrity within a struc has been renamed into boundary.


  • Documentation for kwic-objects has been reworked thoroughly.

polmineR 0.7.9

  • new as.list,bundle-method for convenience, to access slot objects
  • as.bundle is more generic now, so that any kind of object can be coerced to a bundle now
  • as.speeches-method turned into function that allows partition and corpus as input
  • is.partition-function introduced
  • sAttributes,partition-method in line with RcppCWB requirements (no negative values of strucs)
  • count repaired for muliple p-attributes
  • bug removed causing a crash for as.markdown-method when cutoff is larger than number of tokens
  • polmineR will now work with a temporary registry in the temporary session directory
  • a (new) registry_move() function is used to copy files to the tmp registry
  • the (new) registry() function will get the temporary registry directory
  • the use() function will add the registry file of a package to the tmp registry
  • a bug removed that has prevented the name<- method to work properly for bundle objects
  • new partition_bundle,partition_bundle-method introduced
  • naming of methods and functions, classes and most arguments moved to snake_case, maintaining backwards compatibility
  • utility function getObjects not exported any more
  • for count,partition_bundle-method, column 'partition' will be a character vector now (not factor)
  • new argument 'type' added to partition_bundle
  • new method 'get_type' introduced to make getting corpus type more robust
  • bug removed that has caused a crash when cutoff is larger than number of tokens in a partition when calling get_token_stream
  • count-method will now return count-object if query is NULL, making it easier to write pipes

polmineR 0.7.8

  • upon loading the package, check that data directories are set correctly in registry files to make sure that sample data in pre-compiled packages can be used
  • startup messages adjusted slightly

polmineR 0.7.7

  • removed depracated classes: dispersion, Textstat (reference class), Partition (reference class)
  • divide-methode moved to package polmineR.misc
  • bug removed: size of ngrams object was always 1
  • dotplot-method added for featuresNgrams
  • sample corpus GermaParlMini added to the package (replacing suggested package polmineR.sampleCorpus)
  • configuration mechanism added to set path to data directory in registry file upon installation
  • class hits now inherits from class 'textstat', exposing a set of generic functions (such as dim, nrow etc.); slot 'dt' changed to 'stat' for this purpose
  • count,partitionBundle and hits,partitionBundle: cqp parameter added
  • RegistryFile class replaced by a set of leightweight-functions (corpus_...)
  • encode-method moved to cwbtools package
  • getTerms,character-method and terms,partition-method merged
  • examples using EUROPARL corpus have been replaced by REUTERS corpus (including vignette)
  • param id2str has been renamed to decode in all functions to avoid unwanted behavior
  • robust indexing of bundle objects for subsetting
  • optional settings have been cleaned
  • reliance on cwb command line tools removed
  • encoding issue with names of partitionBundle solved

polmineR 0.7.6

  • functionality of matches-method (breakdown of frequencies of matches) integrated into count-method (new param breakdown)
  • corpus REUTERS included (as data for testsuite)
  • adjust data directory of REUTERS corpus upon loading package
  • a pkgdown-generated website is included in the docs directory
  • consistent use of .message helper function to make shiny app work
  • bug removed for count-method when options("polmineR.cwb-lexdecode") is TRUE and options("polmineR.Rcpp") is FALSE
  • if CORPUS_REGISTRY is not defined, the registry directory in the package will be used, making REUTERS corpus available
  • getSettings-function removed, was not sufficiently useful, and was superseded by template mechanism
  • new class 'count' introduced to organize results from count operations
  • at startup, default template is assigned for corpora without explicitly defined templates to make read() work in a basic fashion
  • new cpos,hits-method to support highlight method
  • tooltips-method to reorder functionality of html/highlight/tooltip-methods
  • param charoffset added to html-method
  • coerce-method from partition to json and vice versa, potentially useful for storing partitions
  • sAttributes2cpos to work properly with nested xml
  • partition,partition-method reworked to work properly with nested XML
  • encoding of return value of sAttributes will be locale
  • references added to methods count, kwic, cooccurrences, features.
  • as.DocumentTermMatrix,character-method reworked to allow for subsetting and divergence of strucs and struc_str
  • html,partition-method has new option beautify, to remove whitespace before interpunctuation
  • output error removed in html,partition-method (that misinterprets `` as code block)
  • the class Corpus now has a slot sAttribute to keep/manage a data.table with corpus positions and struc values, and there is a new partition,Corpus-method. In compbination, it will be a lot faster to derive a partition, particularly if you need to do that repeatedly
  • a new function install.cwb() provides a convenient way to install CWB in the package
  • added a missing encoding conversion for the count method

polmineR 0.7.5

  • class 'Regions' renamed to class 'regions' as a matter of consistency
  • data type of slot cpos of class 'regions' is a matrix now
  • rework and improved documentation for decode- and encode-methods
  • new functions copy.corpus and rename.corpus
  • as.DocumentTermMatrix-method checks for strucs with value -1
  • improved as.speeches-method: reordering of speeches, default values
  • blapply-method: verbose output will be suppressed of progress is TRUE

polmineR 0.7.4

  • applying stoplists and positivelists working again for context-method
  • matches-method to learn about matches for CQP queries replacing frequencies-method
  • Rework of enrich-method, including documentation.
  • param 'neighbor' dropped from kwic,context-method; params positivelist and negativelist offer equivalent functionality
  • highlight-method for (newly exported) kwic-method (for validation purposes)
  • performance improvement for partitionBundle,character-method
  • a new Labels class and label method for generating test data
  • bug removed for partitionBundle,character-class, and performance improved
  • Improved explanation of the installation procedure for Mac in the package vignette
  • for context-method: param sAttribute working again to check boundaries of match regions
  • sample-method for objects of class kwic and context
  • kwic, cpos, and context method will accept queries of length > 1
  • use-function and resetRegistry-function reworked
  • more explicit startup message to get info about version, registry and interface
  • encoding issues solved for size-method, hits-method and dispersion-method
  • use-function will now work for users working with polmineR.Rcpp as interface

polmineR 0.7.3

  • new installed.corpora() convenience function to list all data packages with corpora
  • view-method and show-method for cooccurrences-objects now successfully redirect output to RStudio viewer
  • data.table-style indexing of objects inheriting from textstat-class
  • for windows compatibility, as.corpusEnc/as.nativeEnc for encoding conversion
  • performance gain for size-method by using polmineR.Rcpp
  • dissect-method dropped (replaced by size)
  • improved documentation of size-method
  • labels for cooccurrences-output
  • cooccurrencesBundle-class and cooccurrence-method for bundle restored
  • for cooccurrencesBundle-class
  • count-method for whole corpus for pAttribute > 1
  • functionality of meta-method merged into sAttributes-method (meta-method dropped)
  • speed improvements for generating html output for reading
  • previously unexported highlight-method now exported, and more robust than before (using xml2)
  • progress bars for multicore operations now generated by pbapply package
  • starting to use testthat for unit testing

polmineR 0.7.2

  • updated documentation of partition-method.
  • documentation of hits-method improved
  • use-methode: default value for pkg ist NULL (return to default registry), function more robust
  • Rework for parsing the registry
  • rework of templates, are part of options now (see ?setTemplate, ?getTemplate)
  • experimental use of polmineR.Rcpp-package for fast counts for whole corpus
  • new convenience function install.corpus to install CWB corpus wrapped into R data package
  • adjustments to make package compatible with polmineR.shiny
  • cpos-method to get hits more robust if there are not matches for string
  • hits-method removes NAs
  • compare-method renamed to features-method
  • warnings caused by startup on windows removed

polmineR 0.7.1

  • size-method now allows for a param 'sAttribute'
  • hits-method reworked, allows for names query vectors
  • first version that can be installed on windows

polmineR 0.7.0

  • rcqp package moved to suggests, to facilitate installation

polmineR 0.6.3

  • more generic implementation of as.markdown-method to prepare use of templates
  • LICENSE file updated
  • getTokenStream,character-method: new default behavior for params left and right
  • use of templates for as.markdown-method
  • Regions and TokenStream class (not for frontend use, so far)
  • getTermFrequencies-method merged into count-method
  • Corpus class introduced
  • decode- and encode-methods introduced

polmineR 0.6.2

  • refactoring of context-method to prepare more consistent usage
  • progress bar for context-method (using blapply)
  • progress bar for partitionBundle (using blapply)
  • more coherent naming of parameters in partitionBundle-method
  • partitionBundle,character-method debugged and more robust
  • usage of blapply in as.speeches-method
  • hits-method: paramter cqp defaults to FALSE for hits-method, size defaults to FALSE
  • new parameter cqp for dispersion-method
  • aggregation for dispersion-method when length(sAttribute) == 1
  • bugfix for ngrams-method, sample code for the method

polmineR 0.6.1

  • configure file removed to avoid unwanted bugs

polmineR 0.6.0

  • this is the first version that passes all CRAN tests and that is available via CRAN
  • the 'rcqp' remains the interface to the CWB, but usage of rcqp functions is wrapped into an new new CQI.rcqp (R6) class. CQI.perl and CQI.cqpserver are introduced as alternative interfaces to prepare portability to Windows systems
  • code in the vignette and method examples will be executed conditionally, if rcqp and the polmineR.sampleCorpus are available
  • the polmineR.sampleCorpus package is available in a drat repo at
  • a series of bug fixes

polmineR 0.5.6

  • slot tf renamed to stat, class is data.table now
  • keyness_method moved to data.tables

polmineR 0.5.3

  • renamed collocations to cooccurrences, seems more appropriate

polmineR 0.5.2

  • multicore for term frequency counts (param for partition)

polmineR 0.5.0

  • renamed xxxCluster to xxxBundle, bundle-superclass introduced
  • slot label/labels renamed to name/names
  • name/names-method instead of label/labels

Reference manual

It appears you don't have a PDF plugin for this browser. You can click here to download the reference manual.