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Convolutional Neural Network for Face Detection
An open source library for face detection in images. Provides a pretrained convolutional neural network based on < https://github.com/ShiqiYu/libfacedetection> which can be used to detect faces which have size greater than 10x10 pixels.
Bindings to 'OpenCV' Computer Vision Library
Exposes some of the available 'OpenCV' < https://opencv.org/> algorithms, such as edge, body or face detection. These can either be applied to analyze static images, or to filter live video footage from a camera device.
An Interface for Face Recognition
Provides an interface to the 'Kairos' Face Recognition API < https://kairos.com/face-recognition-api>. The API detects faces in images and returns estimates for demographics like gender, ethnicity and age.
Epistasis Test in Meta-Analysis
Traditional meta-regression based method has been developed for using meta-analysis data, but it faced the challenge of inconsistent estimates. This package purpose a new statistical method to detect epistasis using incomplete information summary, and have proven it not only successfully let consistency of evidence, but also increase the power compared with traditional method (Detailed tutorial is shown in website).
Tool for Annotating Images in Preparation for Analysis
A tool to help create shiny apps for selecting and annotating elements of images. Users must supply images, questions, and answer choices. The user interface is a dynamic shiny app, that displays the images and questions and answer choices. The data generated can be saved to a file that can be used for subsequent analysis. The original purpose was to annotate still images from tennis video for face recognition and emotion detection purposes.
R Interface to Stan
User-facing R functions are provided to parse, compile, test, estimate, and analyze Stan models by accessing the header-only Stan library provided by the 'StanHeaders' package. The Stan project develops a probabilistic programming language that implements full Bayesian statistical inference via Markov Chain Monte Carlo, rough Bayesian inference via 'variational' approximation, and (optionally penalized) maximum likelihood estimation via optimization. In all three cases, automatic differentiation is used to quickly and accurately evaluate gradients without burdening the user with the need to derive the partial derivatives.
Neyman-Pearson (NP) Classification Algorithms and NP Receiver Operating Characteristic (NP-ROC) Curves
In many binary classification applications, such as disease diagnosis and spam detection, practitioners commonly face the need to limit type I error (i.e., the conditional probability of misclassifying a class 0 observation as class 1) so that it remains below a desired threshold. To address this need, the Neyman-Pearson (NP) classification paradigm is a natural choice; it minimizes type II error (i.e., the conditional probability of misclassifying a class 1 observation as class 0) while enforcing an upper bound, alpha, on the type I error. Although the NP paradigm has a century-long history in hypothesis testing, it has not been well recognized and implemented in classification schemes. Common practices that directly limit the empirical type I error to no more than alpha do not satisfy the type I error control objective because the resulting classifiers are still likely to have type I errors much larger than alpha. As a result, the NP paradigm has not been properly implemented for many classification scenarios in practice. In this work, we develop the first umbrella algorithm that implements the NP paradigm for all scoring-type classification methods, including popular methods such as logistic regression, support vector machines and random forests. Powered by this umbrella algorithm, we propose a novel graphical tool for NP classification methods: NP receiver operating characteristic (NP-ROC) bands, motivated by the popular receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. NP-ROC bands will help choose in a data adaptive way and compare different NP classifiers.
Kernel-Based Machine Learning Lab
Kernel-based machine learning methods for classification, regression, clustering, novelty detection, quantile regression and dimensionality reduction. Among other methods 'kernlab' includes Support Vector Machines, Spectral Clustering, Kernel PCA, Gaussian Processes and a QP solver.
C++ Header Files for Stan
The C++ header files of the Stan project are provided by this package, but it contains little R code or documentation. The main reference is the vignette. There is a shared object containing part of the 'CVODES' library, but its functionality is not accessible from R. 'StanHeaders' is primarily useful for developers who want to utilize the 'LinkingTo' directive of their package's DESCRIPTION file to build on the Stan library without incurring unnecessary dependencies. The Stan project develops a probabilistic programming language that implements full or approximate Bayesian statistical inference via Markov Chain Monte Carlo or 'variational' methods and implements (optionally penalized) maximum likelihood estimation via optimization. The Stan library includes an advanced automatic differentiation scheme, 'templated' statistical and linear algebra functions that can handle the automatically 'differentiable' scalar types (and doubles, 'ints', etc.), and a parser for the Stan language. The 'rstan' package provides user-facing R functions to parse, compile, test, estimate, and analyze Stan models.
Analyzing Wildlife Data with Detection Error
Models for analyzing site occupancy and count data models with detection error, including single-visit based models, conditional distance sampling and time-removal models. Package development was supported by the Alberta Biodiversity Monitoring Institute and the Boreal Avian Modelling Project.