Miscellaneous Utilities and Functions

A collection of miscellaneous tools and functions, such as tools to generate descriptive statistics tables, format output, visualize relations among variables or check distributions.

An R package with general utility and convenience functions. Some of these are general functions that help using and exploring SEM style data. Others are more specific. This package has grown out of my own work, and is often to automate repetitive tasks.


To get the latest development version, use:



To get the version on cran:



I do not have any vignettes or demos for this package. However, the functions are documented and I have included examples in the function documentation that are relatively basic. Below are just a few examples that I tend to use it for:

  • check the univariate distribution of a variable:
testdistr(mtcars$mpg, "normal")
  • check the univariate distribution of a variable with outlier and using robust mean and variance:
testdistr(c(mtcars$mpg, 60), "normal", extremevalues = "theoretical",
  robust = TRUE)
  • Winsorize to remove outlier:
testdistr(winsorizor(c(mtcars$mpg, 60), .01),
  "normal", extremevalues = "theoretical",
  robust = TRUE)
  • check the distributions of a variables' residuals
testdistr(resid(lm(Petal.Length ~ Species, data = iris)), "normal")
  • check for multivariate normality
testdistr(iris[,-5], "mvnormal")
  • view a heatmap of a correlation matrix
plot(SEMSummary(~ Petal.Length + Sepal.Length + Petal.Width + Sepal.Width, data = iris))

This package also has some utility functions used for other packages, such as calculating empirical p-values from bootstrapping or MCMC samples as from a Bayesian analysis, etc. These are probably less interesting to most users.


JWileymisc 0.3.1


  • detailedTests() is now more generic and dispatches to .detailedTestsLMER() or .detailedTestsVGLM() to provide detailed tests for both linear mixed effects models and multinomial logistic regression models fit by vglm().
  • ezMULTINOM() is now deprecated in favor of the new, more generic detailedTests().

Bug Fixes

  • testdistr() now creates more appropriate plots for discrete distributions including the Poisson and Negative Binomial.

  • moments() now updated to accomodate changes in the lavaan package (thanks to Yves Rosseel)

  • TukeyHSDgg() updated to use the emmeans package instead of the now defunct lsmeans package.

  • formatLMER() returned the lower confidence interval twice instead of the lower and upper confidence interval. This is now fixed.

JWileymisc 0.3.0

New Features

  • R2LMER() A simple function to calculate the marginal and conditional variance accounted for by a model estimated by lmer().

  • compareLMER() A function to compare two models estimated by lmer() include significance tests and effect sizes for estimates of the variance explained.

  • detailedTests() A function to compute detailed tests on a model estimated from lmer() including confidence intervals for parameters, significance tests, where possible, overall model fit, and effect sizes for the model and each variable.

  • formatLMER() A function to nicely format detailed model results, possibly from multiple models. Requires results from detailedTests() based on lmer() models, at the moment.

  • iccMixed() A function to calculate the intraclass correlation coefficient using mixed effects models. Works with either normally distributed outcomes or binary outcomes, in which case the latent variable estimate of the ICC is computed.

  • nEffective() Calculates the effective sample size based on the number of independent units, number of observations per unit, and the intraclass correlation coefficient.

  • acfByID() Calculates the lagged autocorrelation of a variable by an ID variable and returns a data.table for further use, such as examination, summary, or plotting

  • meanDeviations() A simple function to calculate means and mean deviations, useful for creating between and within versions of a variable in a data.table

  • as.na() function added to convert data to missing (NA) while preserving the class/type of the data (useful for data.table).

  • meanDecompose() function added to decompose multilevel or repeated measures data into means and residuals.

  • timeshift() function added to center a time variable at a new zero point. Useful when times may start and end off the standard 24 hour period (e.g., 11am to 2am, which technically fall on different dates).

  • intSigRegGraph() function added to graph regions of significance from interactions with linear models as well as the mostly helper function, findSigRegions().

  • ezMULTINOM() new function added to make running multinomial logistic regression easy in R, along with all pairwise contrasts and omnibus tests of statistical significance.

  • testdistr() function expanded to cover multivariate normal data, and the old mvqq() function is now deprecated.

  • testdistr() includes optional robust estimates for univariate and multivariate normal data

  • formatHtest() gains support for pearson, kendal, and spearman correlations from the cor.test() function

  • logicals A series of support functions for findings values in a particular range, such as %gele% for values greater than or equal to the min and less than or equal to the max as well as to automatically subset the data when prefixed with an s, %sgele% %sin% etc.

Bug Fixes

  • winsorizor() now properly handles atomic data. Fixes an issue where variables in a data table would be atomic after calling the scale() function and winsorizor() would fail.

  • egltable() now works with data.tables

JWileymisc 0.2.1

New Features

  • testdistr() function to plot data against different theoretical distributions using ggplot2. A sort of generalized qqnorm() allowing other distributions besides the normal distribution.

  • winsorizor() Function moved from pscore package. Sets any values beyond specific quantiles of the empirical data to the specified quantiles. Can work on vectors, data frames, or matrices.

JWileymisc 0.2.0

Initial release to CRAN.

Reference manual

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