Adds Functionality to the R Markdown + Shiny Bootstrap Framework

The Bootstrap framework lets you add some JavaScript functionality to your web site by adding attributes to your HTML tags - Bootstrap takes care of the JavaScript <>. If you are using R Markdown or Shiny, you can use these functions to create collapsible sections, accordion panels, modals, tooltips, popovers, and an accordion sidebar framework (not described at Bootstrap site). Please note this package was designed for Bootstrap 3.3.

Travis-CI Build Status Coverage Status CRAN status


You can install the latest released version from CRAN with:


or the latest development version from GitHub with:

# install.packages("devtools")


To see all of this in action, you are referred to the overview article at this package's pkgdown site.

The goals of this package are:

  • to provide a framework to use Bootstrap's JavaScript-markup API:
  • to provide functions that work for both rmarkdown HTML documents and for shiny apps - the only exceptions are some functions that work with only the UI side of shiny.
  • to promote composition of HTML using pipes.



This family of functions lets you build another dimension to your shiny apps, although you can still use it rmarkdown HTML documents. Rather than explain, you can see it demonstrated in a shiny app. If you would like some explanation, please see this article.

Shiny-help links

These functions make it easier to incorporate help-documentation into your shiny apps - functions for incorporating tooltips, popovers, and modals into the labels of shiny inputs. You can see this shiny app for a demonstration, and this article for some explanation.


A carousel is a Boostrap JavaScript component used to enclose a set of (typically) images, providing controls to move slides back-and-forth - as shown in this article. I think that this could be a more-useful tool if an "easy" way can be found to populate a carousel with images produced by gganimate.

Function families

In this package, there are function families for:

  • collapsible elements: bs_collapse()
  • accordion panels: bs_accordion()
  • accordion-sidebar sets: bs_accordion_sidebar()
  • tooltips: bs_embed_tooltip()
  • popovers: bs_embed_popover()
  • modals: bs_modal()
  • carousels: bs_carousel()

There are also helper functions:

  • embed help-links into shiny inputs: shiny_iconlink(), shinyInput_label_embed()
  • set data- and aria- attributes of tags: bs_set_data(), bs_set_aria()

Grammar and vocabulary

One of the goals of this package is to implement consistent grammar and vocabulary. To keep the namespace clean(er), many of the functions have the prefix bs_.

Let's start with the conventions used to name the functions:

  • bs_noun(), used to create a tag. For example, use bs_accordion() to create an accordion panel-set.

  • bs_verb(tag, ...), used to take an action on a tag. For example, use bs_append() to append a panel to an accordion panel-set.

  • bs_verb_noun(tag, ...) used to take an action on a tag using a thing. For example, use bs_embed_tooltip() to embed a tooltip into a tag.

  • use_bs_noun() used to add a bit of Javascript to your HTML, just like the shinyjs function useShinyJS(). This is necessary for bs_accordion_sidebar(), bs_embed_tooltip(), or bs_embed_popover() to work properly.


Often we use the words element and tag interchangeably - we are talking about HTML elements. In the grammar of this documentation (and package), it can be useful to think about direct objects and indirect objects, so the word tag is used to denote direct objects, and the words element or thing are used to denote indirect objects.

In the context of a set of piped functions, the first argument will always be the direct object; the name of the first argument of many functions is tag - you will be sending the tag through the pipe.


  • bs_append(tag, ...) used to append something to a tag, perhaps a panel into an accordion-group.
  • bs_attach_foo(tag, ...) used to attach the id of an element (foo) to another tag, for example, you could create a modal window using bs_modal(), then you could attach the id of the modal window to the tag using bs_attach_modal()
  • bs_emded_foo(tag, ...) used to embed something (a foo) into a tag, for example, bs_embed_tooltip()
  • bs_set_opts(tag, ...) used to set some options for the items yet to be appended to a tag.

Let's consider the differences between append, attach, and embed:

  • You can append more than one element to a tag, i.e., you could append multiple panels to an accordion-group.
  • You can attach only one id of a thing to a tag. When we are attaching, we attach the id of an element, not the element itself. However, we can attach an id of an element to more than one tag.
  • You can embed only one thing into a tag. i.e., into a given tag, you can embed a tooltip or a popover, modifying the tag's attributes and setting a child element in the tag.


This package draws inspiration from shinyBS, written by Eric Bailey, and leans heavily on htmltools, written by RStudio.

Code of conduct

Please note that this project is released with a Contributor Code of Conduct. By participating in this project you agree to abide by its terms.


bsplus 0.1.1

  • fixes an S3/S4 dispatch bug in bs_attr() (#34)

  • adds wrappers for Bootstrap components: bs_button() to create buttons, bs_panel() to create panels

  • version bump for development

bsplus 0.1.0

  • deprecates render_html_fragment() (#24, solution proposed by @jpmarindiaz)

  • adds carousel: bs_carousel()

  • adds function to embed help links into labels of shiny inputs, shinyInput_label_embed()

  • adds vignettes (articles for pkgdown)

  • adds modals, tooltips, and popovers: bs_modal(), bs_embed_tooltip(), bs_embed_popover()

  • adds pkgdown documentation:

  • adds a file to track changes to the package

Reference manual

It appears you don't have a PDF plugin for this browser. You can click here to download the reference manual.


0.1.3 by Ian Lyttle, 14 days ago

Report a bug at

Browse source code at

Authors: Ian Lyttle [aut, cre, cph] , Schneider Electric [cph] , Alex Shum [ctb] , Emily Bosak [ctb]

Documentation:   PDF Manual  

MIT + file LICENSE license

Imports htmltools, magrittr, purrr, lubridate, stringr, rmarkdown, glue, jsonlite, methods

Suggests testthat, shiny, covr, knitr, markdown

Imported by IOHanalyzer, downloadthis, drawer, elaborator, subscreen.

See at CRAN