Object Oriented Simulator of Marine Ecosystems
The multispecies and individual-based model (IBM) 'OSMOSE'
(Shin and Curry (2001) <10.1016> and Shin and Curry
(2004) <10.1139>) focuses on fish species. This model assumes
opportunistic predation based on spatial co-occurrence and size adequacy
between a predator and its prey (size-based opportunistic predation). It
represents fish individuals grouped into schools, which are characterized by
their size, weight, age, taxonomy and geographical location (2D model), and
which undergo major processes of fish life cycle (growth, explicit predation,
natural and starvation mortalities, reproduction and migration) and fishing
exploitation. The model needs basic biological parameters that are often
available for a wide range of species, and which can be found in 'FishBase'
for instance (see < http://www.fishbase.org/search.php>), and fish spatial
distribution data. This package provides tools to build and run simulations
using the 'OSMOSE' model.10.1139>10.1016>