Maddison Project Database

Contains the Maddison Project database, which provides estimates of GDP per capita for all countries in the world between AD 1 and 2010. See http://www.ggdc.net/maddison for more information.


This package contains the Maddison Project Dataset with estimates of GDP per capita for all countries in the world between AD 1 and 2010 in a format amenable to analysis in R.

The database was last updated in January 2013.

As per instructions on the Maddison Project website, please site the data as follows:

PurposeCitation
When using the dataThe Maddison-Project, http://www.ggdc.net/maddison/maddison-project/home.htm, 2013 version.
When refering to underlying methodology and main resultsBolt, J. and J. L. van Zanden (2014). The Maddison Project: collaborative research on historical national accounts. The Economic History Review, 67 (3): 627-651. When using individual country data
When using individual country dataSee country-source references in the appendix of Bolt and van Zanden (2014).
install_github("expersso/maddison")
library(maddison)
str(maddison)
## Classes 'tbl_df', 'tbl' and 'data.frame':    45318 obs. of  9 variables:
##  $ year            : Date, format: "0001-01-01" "0730-01-01" ...
##  $ country_original: chr  "Austria" "Austria" "Austria" "Austria" ...
##  $ gdp_pc          : num  NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA ...
##  $ country         : chr  "Austria" "Austria" "Austria" "Austria" ...
##  $ iso2c           : chr  "AT" "AT" "AT" "AT" ...
##  $ iso3c           : chr  "AUT" "AUT" "AUT" "AUT" ...
##  $ continent       : chr  "Europe" "Europe" "Europe" "Europe" ...
##  $ region          : chr  "Western Europe" "Western Europe" "Western Europe" "Western Europe" ...
##  $ aggregate       : logi  FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE ...
head(maddison)
##         year country_original gdp_pc country iso2c iso3c continent
## 1 0001-01-01          Austria     NA Austria    AT   AUT    Europe
## 2 0730-01-01          Austria     NA Austria    AT   AUT    Europe
## 3 1000-01-01          Austria     NA Austria    AT   AUT    Europe
## 4 1150-01-01          Austria     NA Austria    AT   AUT    Europe
## 5 1280-01-01          Austria     NA Austria    AT   AUT    Europe
## 6 1300-01-01          Austria     NA Austria    AT   AUT    Europe
##           region aggregate
## 1 Western Europe     FALSE
## 2 Western Europe     FALSE
## 3 Western Europe     FALSE
## 4 Western Europe     FALSE
## 5 Western Europe     FALSE
## 6 Western Europe     FALSE
library(ggplot2)
library(dplyr)
library(scales)
 
# Data frame with annotations
df_annotate <- data.frame(
  xmin = as.Date(c("1914-01-01", "1939-01-01")),
  xmax = as.Date(c("1918-01-01", "1945-01-01")),
  ymin = c(900, 900), ymax = c(3e4, 3e4),
  label = c("WWI", "WW2"))
 
maddison %>%
  filter(iso2c %in% c("DE", "FR", "IT", "UK", "US")) %>%
  filter(year >= as.Date("1800-01-01")) %>%
  ggplot() +
  geom_rect(aes(xmin = xmin, xmax = xmax, ymin = ymin, ymax = ymax),
            data = df_annotate, fill = "grey50", alpha = 0.25) +
  geom_text(aes(label = label, x = xmin, y = ymax), data = df_annotate, 
            vjust = 0, hjust = 0, nudge_y = 0.02, size = 3) +
  geom_line(aes(x = year, y = gdp_pc, color = country)) +
  scale_y_log10(labels = comma, breaks = pretty_breaks(8)) +
  coord_cartesian(ylim = c(900, 35000)) +
  theme_bw(8) +
  labs(x = NULL, y = "GDP per capita (1990 Int. GK$)\n", color = NULL,
       title = "GDP per capita (1800-2010)")

This package is not affiliated with, nor endorsed by, the Maddison Project. I aim to update it whenever the database is updated. If you ever see that it is out-of-date, don't hesitate to send a pull request and/or remind me to update it.

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Reference manual

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install.packages("maddison")

0.1 by Eric Persson, 2 years ago


http://www.ggdc.net/maddison https://github.com/expersso/maddison


Browse source code at https://github.com/cran/maddison


Authors: Eric Persson [aut, cre]


Documentation:   PDF Manual  


CC0 license


Suggests knitr, rmarkdown, ggplot2


See at CRAN