Check Text Files Content at a Glance

Tools to help text files importation. It can return the number of lines; print the first and last lines; convert encoding. Operations are made without reading the entire file before starting, resulting in good performances with large files. This package provides an alternative to a simple use of the 'head', 'tail', 'wc' and 'iconv' programs that are not always available on machine where R is installed.


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The goal of fpeek is to help importation of text files from R.

When a text file has unknown characteristics, beeing able to have a glance at it helps to get those:

  • Use function peek_count_lines() to count lines contained in a file.
  • Functions peek_head() and peek_tail() will display first and last lines of the file.

Sometimes encoding is an issue when files generated on a “Windows” machine has to be used on a “Linux” machine. Function peek_iconv will converts file content in one encoding to another encoding.

Performances are good with large files because operations are made without reading the entire file before starting.

Installation

devtools::install_github("davidgohel/fpeek")

Examples

First download an example file, the file is containing lot of times series about power system and has lot of lines.

library(fpeek)
power_file <- "singleindex.csv"
if( !file.exists(power_file))
  download.file(
    "https://data.open-power-system-data.org/time_series/2018-03-13/time_series_15min_singleindex.csv", 
    destfile = power_file)

Counting number of lines:

Using wc -l

system(sprintf("wc -l %s", power_file), intern = TRUE)
#> [1] "  420773 singleindex.csv"

Using peek_count_lines()

peek_count_lines(power_file)
#> [1] 420773

Show first and last lines of a file

The first lines can be printed in the console with function peek_head().

peek_head(power_file, n = 4)
#> utc_timestamp,cet_cest_timestamp,AT_load_entsoe_transparency,AT_solar_generation_actual,AT_wind_onshore_generation_actual,DE_load_entsoe_transparency,DE_solar_capacity,DE_solar_generation_actual,DE_solar_profile,DE_wind_capacity,DE_wind_generation_actual,DE_wind_profile,DE_wind_offshore_capacity,DE_wind_offshore_generation_actual,DE_wind_offshore_profile,DE_wind_onshore_capacity,DE_wind_onshore_generation_actual,DE_wind_onshore_profile,DE_50hertz_load_entsoe_transparency,DE_50hertz_solar_generation_actual,DE_50hertz_solar_generation_forecast,DE_50hertz_wind_generation_actual,DE_50hertz_wind_generation_forecast,DE_50hertz_wind_offshore_generation_actual,DE_50hertz_wind_offshore_generation_forecast,DE_50hertz_wind_onshore_generation_actual,DE_50hertz_wind_onshore_generation_forecast,DE_AT_LU_load_entsoe_transparency,DE_AT_LU_solar_generation_actual,DE_AT_LU_wind_offshore_generation_actual,DE_AT_LU_wind_onshore_generation_actual,DE_amprion_load_entsoe_transparency,DE_amprion_solar_generation_actual,DE_amprion_solar_generation_forecast,DE_amprion_wind_generation_actual,DE_amprion_wind_generation_forecast,DE_amprion_wind_onshore_generation_actual,DE_tennet_load_entsoe_transparency,DE_tennet_solar_generation_actual,DE_tennet_solar_generation_forecast,DE_tennet_wind_generation_actual,DE_tennet_wind_generation_forecast,DE_tennet_wind_offshore_generation_actual,DE_tennet_wind_onshore_generation_actual,DE_transnetbw_load_entsoe_transparency,DE_transnetbw_solar_generation_actual,DE_transnetbw_solar_generation_forecast,DE_transnetbw_wind_generation_actual,DE_transnetbw_wind_generation_forecast,DE_transnetbw_wind_onshore_generation_actual,HU_load_entsoe_transparency,HU_wind_onshore_generation_actual,LU_load_entsoe_transparency,NL_load_entsoe_transparency,NL_solar_generation_actual,NL_wind_offshore_generation_actual,NL_wind_onshore_generation_actual,interpolated_values
#> 2005-12-31T23:00:00Z,2006-01-01T00:00:00+0100,,,,,2028.0000,,,,,,,,,16394.0000,,,,,,2013.0000,1366.0000,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,1705.0000,1864.0000,0.0000,1705.0000,,,,,,,,,,,,,,
#> 2005-12-31T23:15:00Z,2006-01-01T00:15:00+0100,,,,,2028.0000,,,,,,,,,16394.0000,,,,,,2053.0000,1366.0000,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,1739.0000,1864.0000,0.0000,1739.0000,,,,,,,,,,,,,,
#> 2005-12-31T23:30:00Z,2006-01-01T00:30:00+0100,,,,,2028.0000,,,,,,,,,16394.0000,,,,,,2188.0000,1366.0000,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,1700.0000,1864.0000,0.0000,1700.0000,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

The last lines can be printed in the console with function peek_tail().

peek_tail(power_file, n = 4)
#> 2017-12-31T23:00:00Z,2018-01-01T00:00:00+0100,5657.6000,0.0000,922.5770,44607.9100,41951.0000,0.0000,0.0000,55790.0000,30955.0000,0.5548,5323.0000,2973.0000,0.5585,50467.0000,27982.0000,0.5545,6476.3300,0.0000,0.0000,10230.6900,9979.4540,186.7680,83.5990,10043.9220,9895.8550,50769.3400,0.0000,2972.8500,28860.5200,17349.8600,0.0000,0.0000,6957.0000,6757.0000,6957.0000,15817.9100,0.0000,0.0000,12679.0000,13097.0000,2786.0000,9893.0000,4963.8100,0.0000,0.0000,1088.0000,1016.0000,1088.0000,4028.8900,78.4900,503.8300,9956.0300,0.0000,849.6100,2654.9400,
#> 2017-12-31T23:15:00Z,2018-01-01T00:15:00+0100,5597.6000,0.0000,931.9630,43777.3000,41951.0000,0.0000,0.0000,55790.0000,31608.0000,0.5666,5323.0000,2991.0000,0.5619,50467.0000,28617.0000,0.5671,6415.8600,0.0000,0.0000,10400.4320,9947.9450,203.9830,82.7620,10196.4490,9865.1830,49844.1800,0.0000,2990.8400,29549.0400,16857.5200,0.0000,0.0000,7046.0000,6850.0000,7046.0000,15618.8700,0.0000,0.0000,13057.0000,13284.0000,2787.0000,10270.0000,4885.0500,0.0000,0.0000,1105.0000,1025.0000,1105.0000,4002.3600,82.5400,469.2800,9856.0100,0.0000,852.6100,2738.7900,
#> 2017-12-31T23:30:00Z,2018-01-01T00:30:00+0100,5596.8000,0.0000,922.9650,43532.3000,41951.0000,0.0000,0.0000,55790.0000,31874.0000,0.5713,5323.0000,2921.0000,0.5487,50467.0000,28953.0000,0.5737,6299.5400,0.0000,0.0000,10393.0210,9918.7440,197.7470,82.0160,10195.2740,9836.7280,49597.5400,0.0000,2920.5600,29908.3100,16715.4600,0.0000,0.0000,7132.0000,6946.0000,7132.0000,15633.5900,0.0000,0.0000,13266.0000,13477.0000,2723.0000,10543.0000,4883.7100,0.0000,0.0000,1083.0000,1033.0000,1083.0000,3965.5900,93.1400,468.4400,9727.4900,0.0000,855.3900,2742.4000,
#> 2017-12-31T23:45:00Z,2018-01-01T00:45:00+0100,5665.6000,0.0000,881.0160,43293.6300,41951.0000,0.0000,0.0000,55790.0000,31873.0000,0.5713,5323.0000,2785.0000,0.5232,50467.0000,29088.0000,0.5764,6275.1900,0.0000,0.0000,10556.6970,9893.5240,189.9090,81.2330,10366.7880,9812.2910,49433.8600,0.0000,2785.0400,30080.3900,16617.8000,0.0000,0.0000,7111.0000,6993.0000,7111.0000,15525.7200,0.0000,0.0000,13139.0000,13652.0000,2595.0000,10544.0000,4874.9200,0.0000,0.0000,1066.0000,1042.0000,1066.0000,3945.0800,105.9100,474.6300,9742.8100,0.0000,861.7700,2749.5000,

File reencoding

la_cigale <- system.file(package = "fpeek", "datafiles", 
  "cigfou-ISO-8859-1.txt")
peek_head(path = la_cigale, n = 4, intern = TRUE)
#> [1] "La Cigale et la Fourmi"     ""                          
#> [3] "La Cigale, ayant chant\xe9" "Tout l'\xe9t\xe9,"
 
peek_iconv(la_cigale, from = "ISO-8859-1", to = "UTF-8")
#> La Cigale et la Fourmi
#> 
#> La Cigale, ayant chanté
#> Tout l'été,
#> Se trouva fort dépourvue
#> Quand la bise fut venue :
#> Pas un seul petit morceau
#> De mouche ou de vermisseau.
#> Elle alla crier famine
#> Chez la Fourmi sa voisine,
#> La priant de lui prêter
#> Quelque grain pour subsister
#> Jusqu'à la saison nouvelle.
#> Je vous paierai, lui dit-elle,
#> Avant l'Oût, foi d'animal,
#> Intérêt et principal. 
#> La Fourmi n'est pas prêteuse :
#> C'est là son moindre défaut.
#> Que faisiez-vous au temps chaud ?
#> Dit-elle à cette emprunteuse.
#> Nuit et jour à tout venant
#> Je chantais, ne vous déplaise.
#> Vous chantiez ? j'en suis fort aise.
#> Eh bien! dansez maintenant.

Function peek_iconv() is converting the content of the file and print the result in the console. Use peek_iconv(newfile = "...") to create a new reencoded file:

file_utf8 <- tempfile()
peek_iconv(path = la_cigale, newfile = file_utf8, 
  from = "ISO-8859-1", to = "UTF-8")
#> [1] "/var/folders/51/6jygptvs3bb4njv0t6x7br900000gn/T//Rtmpvi1pq2/filed70f1070c120"

News

fpeek 0.1.1

  • update peek_iconv test to skip it when platform charset is not UTF-8

Reference manual

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install.packages("fpeek")

0.1.1 by David Gohel, 8 months ago


https://github.com/davidgohel/fpeek


Report a bug at https://github.com/davidgohel/fpeek/issues


Browse source code at https://github.com/cran/fpeek


Authors: David Gohel [aut, cre]


Documentation:   PDF Manual  


MIT + file LICENSE license


Imports Rcpp

Suggests testthat, covr

Linking to Rcpp


See at CRAN