Anything to 'POSIXct' or 'Date' Converter

Convert input in any one of character, integer, numeric, factor, or ordered type into 'POSIXct' (or 'Date') objects, using one of a number of predefined formats, and relying on Boost facilities for date and time parsing.


Anything to 'POSIXct' or 'Date' Converter

R excels at computing with dates, and times. Using typed representation for your data is highly recommended not only because of the functionality offered but also because of the added safety stemming from proper representation.

But there is a small nuisance cost in interactive work as well as in programming. Users must have told as.POSIXct() about a million times that the origin is (of course) the epoch. Do we really have to say it a million more times? Similarly, when parsing dates that are some form of YYYYMMDD format, do we really have to manually convert from integer or numeric or factor or ordered to character? Having one of several common separators and/or date / time month forms (YYYY-MM-DD, YYYY/MM/DD, YYYYMMDD, YYYY-mon-DD and so on, with or without times), do we really need a format string? Or could a smart converter function do this?

anytime() aims to be that general purpose converter returning a proper POSIXct (or Date) object no matter the input (provided it was somewhat parseable), relying on Boost date_time for the (efficient, performant) conversion. anydate() is an additional wrapper returning a Date object instead.

library(anytime)
options(digits.secs=6)                ## for fractional seconds below
Sys.setenv(TZ=anytime:::getTZ())      ## helper function to try to get TZ
 
## integer    
anytime(20160101L + 0:2)
[1] "2016-01-01 CST" "2016-01-02 CST" "2016-01-03 CST"
 
## numeric
anytime(20160101 + 0:2)
[1] "2016-01-01 CST" "2016-01-02 CST" "2016-01-03 CST"
 
## factor
anytime(as.factor(20160101 + 0:2))
[1] "2016-01-01 CST" "2016-01-02 CST" "2016-01-03 CST"
 
## ordered
anytime(as.ordered(20160101 + 0:2))
[1] "2016-01-01 CST" "2016-01-02 CST" "2016-01-03 CST"
## Dates: Character
anytime(as.character(20160101 + 0:2))
[1] "2016-01-01 CST" "2016-01-02 CST" "2016-01-03 CST"
 
## Dates: alternate formats
anytime(c("20160101", "2016/01/02", "2016-01-03"))
[1] "2016-01-01 CST" "2016-01-02 CST" "2016-01-03 CST"
## Datetime: ISO with/without fractional seconds
anytime(c("2016-01-01 10:11:12", "2016-01-01 10:11:12.345678"))
[1] "2016-01-01 10:11:12.000000 CST" "2016-01-01 10:11:12.345678 CST"
 
## Datetime: ISO alternate (?) with 'T' separator  
anytime(c("20160101T101112", "20160101T101112.345678"))
[1] "2016-01-01 10:11:12.000000 CST" "2016-01-01 10:11:12.345678 CST"
## ISO style 
anytime(c("2016-Sep-01 10:11:12", "Sep/01/2016 10:11:12", "Sep-01-2016 10:11:12"))
[1] "2016-09-01 10:11:12 CDT" "2016-09-01 10:11:12 CDT" "2016-09-01 10:11:12 CDT"
 
## Datetime: Mixed format (cf http://stackoverflow.com/questions/39259184)
anytime(c("Thu Sep 01 10:11:12 2016", "Thu Sep 01 10:11:12.345678 2016"))
[1] "2016-09-01 10:11:12.000000 CDT" "2016-09-01 10:11:12.345678 CDT"

This shows an important aspect. When not working localtime (by overriding to UTC) the changing difference UTC is correctly covered (which the underlying Boost Date_Time library does not by itself).

## Datetime: pre/post DST
anytime(c("2016-01-31 12:13:14", "2016-08-31 12:13:14"))
[1] "2016-01-31 12:13:14 CST" "2016-08-31 12:13:14 CDT"
anytime(c("2016-01-31 12:13:14", "2016-08-31 12:13:14"), tz="UTC")  # important: catches change
[1] "2016-01-31 18:13:14 UTC" "2016-08-31 17:13:14 UTC"

The heavy lifting is done by a combination of Boost lexical_cast to go from anything to string representation which is then parsed by Boost Date_Time. We use the BH package to access Boost, and rely on Rcpp for a seamless C++ interface to and from R.

Should work as expected.

The package is now on CRAN and can be installed via a standard

install.packages("anytime")

Dirk Eddelbuettel

GPL (>= 2)

News

Reference manual

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install.packages("anytime")

0.2.2 by Dirk Eddelbuettel, 2 months ago


http://dirk.eddelbuettel.com/code/anytime.html


Report a bug at https://github.com/eddelbuettel/anytime/issues


Browse source code at https://github.com/cran/anytime


Authors: Dirk Eddelbuettel


Documentation:   PDF Manual  


GPL (>= 2) license


Imports Rcpp

Suggests gettz

Linking to Rcpp, BH


See at CRAN