Functions to write messages to the 'syslog' system logger API, available on all 'POSIX'-compatible operating systems. Features include tagging messages with a priority level and application type, as well as masking (hiding) messages below a given priority level.
rsyslog is a very simple R package to interface with syslog -- a system logging interface available on all POSIX-compatible operating systems.
To get the latest stable version from CRAN:
If you need access to in-development features, you can install the package directly from GitHub:
Using rsyslog closely resembles using the syslog API, so it should be familiar if you have previous experience with syslog.
Messages are sent to the system log with the
syslog() function. You can also (optionally) configure how messages are written with
open_syslog() and close any open connection with
open_syslog("my_script")syslog("Running script.", level = "INFO")syslog("Possible issue.", level = "WARNING")close_syslog()
To see what this has printed to the system log on
systemd-based Linux distributions (including Ubuntu), you can use the
$ journalctl --identifier my_script
-- Logs begin at Mon 2018-06-25 14:48:12 UTC, end at Mon 2018-06-25 15:35:02 UTC. -- Jun 25 15:10:18 user my_script: Running script. Jun 25 15:10:18 user my_script: Possible issue.
Opening and closing the system log is not strictly necessary (though it is good practice). The following will work as well:
# Uses the process name (likely "R" or "rsession") as the identifier.syslog("Hello from R!", level = "WARNING")
If you wish to control the visibility of messages by priority level (for example, to hide debug messages), use
open_syslog("my_script")syslog("This message is visible.", level = "INFO")set_syslog_mask("WARNING")syslog("No longer visible.", level = "INFO")syslog("Still visible.", level = "WARNING")close_syslog()
The package is licensed under the GPL, version 2 or later.
LOG_PERRORoption (notably Solaris). Calling
open_syslog(echo = TRUE)on those platforms will now issue a warning.