Exact Spike Train Inference via L0 Optimization

An implementation of algorithms described in Jewell and Witten (2017) .


This package implements an algorithm for deconvolving calcium imaging data for a single neuron in order to estimate the times at which the neuron spikes.

This algorithm solves the optimization problems

AR(1) model

minimize_{c1,...,cT} 0.5 sum_{t=1}^T ( y_t - c_t )^2 + lambda sum_{t=2}^T 1_{c_t neq gamma c_{t-1} }

for the global optimum, where y_t is the observed fluorescence at the tth timepoint. We also solve the above problem with the constraint that c_t >= 0 (hardThreshold = T).

AR(1) with intercept

minimize_{c1,...,cT,b1,...,bT} 0.5 sum_{t=1}^T (y_t - c_t - b_t)^2 + lambda sum_{t=2}^T 1_{c_t neq gamma c_{t-1}, b_t neq b_{t-1} }

where the indicator variable 1_{(A,B)} equals 1 if the event A cup B holds, and equals zero otherwise.

Install

In R, if devtools is installed type

devtools::install_github("jewellsean/LZeroSpikeInference")

Usage

Once installed type

library(LZeroSpikeInference)
?LZeroSpikeInference

Python

This package can be called from Python using the py2 package. To install LZeroSpikeInference and rpy2 for use in Python first

  1. Install R (for example apt-get install r-base)

and then from within R install this package (as above). Then pip install rpy2

  1. pip install --user rpy2

The following example illustrates use of the LZeroSpikeInference package from python

from numpy import array
import rpy2.robjects.packages
lzsi = rpy2.robjects.packages.importr("LZeroSpikeInference")
d = lzsi.simulateAR1(n = 500, gam = 0.998, poisMean = 0.009, sd = 0.15, seed = 8)
fit = lzsi.estimateSpikes(d[1]**{'gam':0.998, 'lambda':8, 'type':"ar1"})
spikes = array(fit[0])
fittedValues = array(fit[1])

Thanks to Luke Campagnola for suggesting this approach!

Reference

See Jewell and Witten, Exact Spike Train Inference Via L0 Optimization (2017)

News

Reference manual

It appears you don't have a PDF plugin for this browser. You can click here to download the reference manual.

install.packages("LZeroSpikeInference")

1.0.3 by Sean Jewell, a year ago


Browse source code at https://github.com/cran/LZeroSpikeInference


Authors: Sean Jewell [aut, cre]


Documentation:   PDF Manual  


GPL-3 license


Imports graphics, stats

Suggests testthat


See at CRAN