Last updated on 2021-09-24
by Dirk Eddelbuettel
This CRAN Task View contains a list of packages useful for
empirical work in Finance, grouped by topic.
Besides these packages, a very wide variety of functions suitable for
empirical work in Finance is provided by both the basic R
system (and its set of recommended core packages), and a number of
other packages on the Comprehensive R Archive Network (CRAN).
Consequently, several of the other CRAN Task Views may contain suitable
packages, in particular the Econometrics ,
Multivariate, Optimization, Robust,
SocialSciences and TimeSeries Task Views.
ctv package supports these Task Views. Its functions
respectively, installation or update of packages from a given Task View;
coreOnly can restrict operations to packages labeled as
Contributions are always welcome, and encouraged. Since the start of
this CRAN task view in April 2005, most contributions have arrived as
email suggestions. The source file for this particular task view file
now also reside in a GitHub repository (see below) so that pull
requests are also possible.
Standard regression models
- A detailed overview of the available regression methodologies is
provided by the Econometrics task view. This is
complemented by the Robust task view, which focuses on more
robust and resistant methods.
- Linear models such as ordinary least squares (OLS) can be estimated
lm() (from by the stats package contained in the basic R
distribution). Maximum Likelihood (ML) estimation can be undertaken
with the standard
optim() function. Many other suitable methods
are listed in the Optimization view. Non-linear least squares can
be estimated with the
nls() function, as well as with
nlme() from the nlme package.
- For the linear model, a variety of regression diagnostic tests
are provided by the car, lmtest,
strucchange, urca, and sandwich packages.
The Rcmdr package provide user
interfaces that may be of interest as well.
- A detailed overview of tools for time series analysis can be found in
the TimeSeries task view. Below a brief overview of the
most important methods in finance is given.
- Classical time series functionality is provided
KalmanLike()commands in the
basic R distribution.
- The dse and timsac packages provide a variety of more
advanced estimation methods; fracdiff can
estimate fractionally integrated series; longmemo covers
- For volatility modeling, the standard GARCH(1,1) model can
be estimated with the
garch() function in the
tseries package. Rmetrics (see below) contains
the fGarch package which has additional models.
The rugarch package can be used to model a
variety of univariate GARCH models with extensions such as
ARFIMA, in-mean, external regressors and various other
specifications; with methods for fit, forecast, simulation,
inference and plotting are provided too. The rmgarch
builds on it to provide the ability to estimate several multivariate
GARCH models. The
betategarch package can estimate and simulate the
Beta-t-EGARCH model by Harvey. The bayesGARCH
package can perform Bayesian estimation of a GARCH(1,1)
model with Student's t innovations. For multivariate
models, the gogarch package provides functions for
generalized orthogonal GARCH models. The
gets package (which was preceded by a related package
AutoSEARCH) provides automated general-to-specific model selection of the mean and
log-volatility of a log-ARCH-X model. The lgarch package
can estimate and fit log-GARCH models. The garchx
package estimate GARCH models with leverage and external
covariates. The bmgarch package fits several
multivariate GARCH models in a Bayesian setting. The
garchmodels package wraps the rugarch and
- Unit root and cointegration tests are provided by tseries,
The Rmetrics packages timeSeries and
fMultivar contain a number of estimation functions for
ARMA, GARCH, long memory models, unit roots and more.
The CADFtest package implements the Hansen unit root test.
dlm package provides
Bayesian and likelihood analysis of dynamic linear models (i.e.
linear Gaussian state space models).
The vars package offer estimation, diagnostics,
forecasting and error decomposition of VAR and SVAR model in a
The dyn and
dynlm packages are suitable for dynamic (linear) regression
Several packages provide wavelet analysis
functionality: rwt, wavelets,
waveslim, wavethresh. Some methods from chaos
theory are provided by the package tseriesChaos.
tsDyn adds time series analysis based on dynamical systems theory.
The forecast package adds functions for
The stochvol package implements Bayesian
estimation of stochastic volatility using Markov Chain Monte
Carlo, and factorstochvol extends this to the
The MSGARCH package adds methods to fit (by Maximum Likelihood
or Bayesian), simulate, and forecast various Markov-Switching GARCH processes.
The DriftBurstHypothesis package estimates a t-test statistics for the
explosive drift burst hypothesis (Christensen, Oomen and Reno, 2018).
- The Rmetrics suite of packages comprises
fBasics, fBonds, timeDate (formerly: fCalendar),
fExtremes, fGarch, fImport,
fNonlinear, fOptions, fPortfolio,
fRegression, timeSeries (formerly: fSeries),
and contains a very large number of relevant functions for different aspect of empirical
and computational finance.
- The RQuantLib package provides several option-pricing
functions as well as some fixed-income functionality from the
QuantLib project to R. The RcppQuantuccia provides a
smaller subset of QuantLib functionality as a header-only library;
at current only some calendaring functionality is exposed.
- The quantmod package offers a number of functions for
quantitative modelling in finance as well as data acquisition, plotting
and other utilities.
- The backtest offers tools to
explore portfolio-based hypotheses about financial instruments.
The pa package offers performance attribution
functionality for equity portfolios.
- The PerformanceAnalytics package contains a large number
of functions for portfolio performance calculations and risk management.
- The TTR contains functions to construct technical
trading rules in R.
- The sde package provides simulation and inference functionality
for stochastic differential equations.
- The YieldCurve package contains methods for the estimation
of zero-coupon yield curves and spread curves based the parametric
Nelson and Siegel (1987) method with the Svensson (1994)
extension. The former package adds the McCulloch (1975) cubic
splines approach, the latter package adds the Diebold and Li approach.
The SmithWilsonYieldCurve construct the yield curve using
the Smith-Wilson approach based on LIBOR and SWAP rates.
- The vrtest package contains a number of variance ratio
tests for the weak-form of the efficient markets hypothesis.
- The gmm package provides generalized method of moments
(GMM) estimations function that are often used when estimating the
parameters of the moment conditions implied by an asset pricing
- The BurStFin and BurStMisc package has a collection of
function for Finance including the estimation of covariance
- The AmericanCallOpt package contains a pricer for
different American call options.
- The VarSwapPrice package can price a variance swap
via a portfolio of European options contracts.
- The FinAsym package implements the Lee and Ready (1991)
and Easley and O'Hara (1987) tests for, respectively, trade direction,
and probability of informed trading.
The parma package provides support for portfolio
allocation and risk management applications.
The GUIDE package provides a GUI for
DErivatives and contains numerous pricer examples as
well as interactive 2d and 3d plots to study these pricing
The SharpeR package contains a collection of tools
for analyzing significance of trading strategies, based on the
Sharpe ratio and overfit of the same.
The RND package implements various functions to extract risk-neutral densities
from option prices.
The LSMonteCarlo package can price American Options via the Least Squares Monte Carlo
The BenfordTests package provides
seven statistical tests and support functions for determining if numerical data
could conform to Benford's law.
The OptHedging package values call and put option portfolio and implements an
optimal hedging strategy.
The markovchain package provides functionality to
easily handle and analyse discrete Markov chains.
The ycinterextra package models yield curve interpolation and extrapolation using
via the Nelson-Siegel, Svensson, or Smith-Wilson models, as well as Hermite cubic splines.
The tvm package models provides functions for time
value of money such as cashflows and yield curves.
The MarkowitzR package provides functions to test
the statistical significance of Markowitz portfolios.
The pbo package models the probability of backtest
overfitting, performance degradation, probability of loss, and the
stochastic dominance when analysing trading strategies.
The OptionPricing package implements
efficient Monte Carlo algorithms for the price and the sensitivities
of Asian and European Options under Geometric Brownian Motion.
The matchingMarkets package implements a structural
estimator to correct for the bias arising from endogenous matching
(e.g. group formation in microfinance or matching of firms and
The restimizeapi package interfaces the API at
www.estimize.com which provides crowd-sourced earnings estimates.
- The credule package is another pricer for credit
- The obAnalytics package analyses and visualizes
information from events in limit order book data.
- The derivmkts package adds a set of pricing and
expository functions useful in teaching derivatives markets.
- The PortfolioEffectHFT package provides portfolio
analysis suitable for intra-day and high-frequency data, and also interfaces the
- The ragtop package prices equity derivatives under an extension
to Black and Scholes supporting default under a power-law link price
and hazard rate.
- The sharpeRratio package adds moment-free estimation of Sharpe ratios.
- The QuantTools package offers enhanced quantitative trading
and modeling tools.
- The pinbasic package adds tools for fast and stable estimates the Probability of
Informed Trading (PIN) by Easley et al, and offers factorizations of
the model likelihood. The InfoTrad packages also estimates
PIN and extends it different factorization and estimation algorithms.
- The FinancialMath package contains financial math and derivatives pricing functions
as required by the actuarial exams by the Society of Actuaries and Casualty Actuarial Society
'Financial Mathematics' exam.
- The tidyquant package re-arranges functionality from
several other key packages for use in the so-called tidyverse.
- The BCC1997 prices European options under the Bakshi,
Cao anc Chen (1997) model for stochastic volatility, stochastic rates
and random jumps.
The Sim.DiffProc package provides functions to simulate
and analyse multidimensional Itô and Stratonovitch stochastic calculus for
The BLModel package computes the posterior distribution
in a Black-Litterman model from a prior distribution given by asset
returns and continuous distribution of views given by an external function.
- The rpatrec package aims to recognise charting patterns
in (financial) time series data.
- The PortfolioOptim can solve both small and large
sample portfolio optimization.
- The estudy2 package implements most commonly used
parametric and nonparametric event-study methodology tests.
- The DtD package computes the distance to
default per Merton's model.
- The PeerPerformance package analyzes performance of
investments funds relative to its peers in a pairwise manner that
is robust to false discoveries.
- The crseEventStudy package provides another event-study
tool to analyse abnormal return in long-horizon events.
- The simfinapi package provides R access to
SimFin fundamental financial
statement data (given an API key).
The NFCP package models commodity prices via an n-factor term structure estimation.
The LSMRealOptions package uses least-squares Monte Carlo to value American and Real options.
The AssetCorr package estimates intra- and inter-cohort correlations from default data in a Vasicek credit portfolio model.
- The ichimoku package provides tools for creating and visualising Ichimoku Kinko Hyo strategies, and provides an interface to the OANDA fxTrade API for retrieving historical and live streaming price data (which requires free registration).
- The greeks package calculate sensitivities of financial option prices for European and Asian and American options in the Black Scholes model.
- The RTL (Risk Tool Library) package offers a collection of functions and metadata to complement core packages in finance and commodities, including futures expiry tables.
- The GARCHSK package estimates GARCHSK and GJRSK models allowing for time-varying volatility, skewness and kurtosis.
- The bidask package offers a novel procedure to estimate bid-ask spreads from OHLC data, and implements other reference models.
- The strand package adds a framework for discrete (share-level) simulations of investment strategies.
- The HDShOP package constructs shrinkage estimators of high-dimensional mean-variance portfolios and performs high-dimensional tests on
optimality, and the DOSPortfolio package uses it to constructs dynamic optimal shrinkage estimators for the weights of the global minimum variance portfolio.
The packages qrmtools and qrmdata provide tools and data for
standard tasks in Quantitative Risk Management (QRM) and accompany the book
of McNeil, Frey, Embrechts (2005, 2015, "Quantitative Risk Management: Concepts, Techniques, Tools").
The Task View ExtremeValue regroups a number of relevant packages.
The packages CreditMetrics provides function for modelling credit risks.
The mvtnorm package provides code for multivariate Normal and t-distributions.
The package nvmix provides functionality for multivariate normal variance mixtures
(including normal and t for non-integer degrees of freedom).
The Rmetrics packages fPortfolio and
fExtremes also contain a number of relevant functions.
The packages copula and copulaData cover a wide range
of modeling tasks for copulas.
The fgac package implements generalized Archimedean copulas.
The actuar package provides an actuarial
perspective to risk management.
The ghyp package provides generalized hyberbolic distribution
functions as well as procedures for VaR, CVaR or target-return
The ChainLadder package provides functions for modeling
insurance claim reserves; and the lifecontingencies package
provides functions for financial and actuarial evaluations of life contingencies.
The frmqa package aims to collect functions for Financial Risk Management and Quantitative Analysis.
The ESG package can be used to model for asset projection, a scenario-based simulation approach.
The riskSimul package provides efficient simulation
procedures to estimate tail loss probabilities and conditional
excess for a stock portfolios where log-returns are assumed to
follow a t-copula model with generalized hyperbolic or t marginals.
The GCPM package analyzes the default risk of credit
portfolio using both analytical and simulation approaches.
The FatTailsR package provides a family of four
distributions tailored to distribution with symmetric and asymmetric
The Dowd package contains functions ported from the 'MMR2'
toolbox offered in Kevin Dowd's book "Measuring Market Risk".
The PortRisk package computes portfolio risk attribution.
The NetworkRiskMeasures package implements some risk measures for financial networks such as DebtRank, Impact
Susceptibility, Impact Diffusion and Impact Fluidity.
The Risk package computes 26 financial risk measures for any continuous distribution.
The RiskPortfolios package constructs risk-based
portfolios as per the corresponding papers by Ardia et al.
The reinsureR package models reinsurances a class Claims
whose objective is to store claims and premiums, on which different
treaties can be applied.
The RM2006 package estimates conditional covariance matrix
using the RiskMetrics 2006 methodology described in Zumbach (2007).
- The cvar package computes expected shortfall and value at risk for continuous distributions.
- riskParityPortfolio offers fast implementations for constructing risk-parity portfolios.
- The monobin package performs monotonic binning of numeric risk factor in credit rating models (PD, LGD, EAD) development.
- The etrm package contains a collection of functions to perform core tasks within energy trading and risk management (ETRM).
- The NMOF package provides functions, examples and data
from Numerical Methods and Optimization in Finance by Manfred Gilli, Dietmar Maringer and
Enrico Schumann (2011), including the different optimization heuristics such as
Differential Evolution, Genetic Algorithms, Particle Swarms, and Threshold Accepting.
- The FRAPO package provides data sets and code for the
book Financial Risk Modelling and Portfolio Optimization with
R by Bernhard Pfaff (2013).
Data and date management
- The zoo and
timeDate (part of Rmetrics) packages provide support for
irregularly-spaced time series. The xts package extends
zoo specifically for financial time series. See the
TimeSeries task view for more details.
- timeDate also addresses
calendar issues such as recurring holidays for a large number of
financial centers, and provides code for high-frequency data sets.
The fame package can access Fame time series databases (but
also requires a Fame backend). The tis package provides
time indices and time-indexed series compatible with Fame
The TSdbi package provides a unifying interface for
several time series data base backends, and its SQL implementations
provide a database table design.
The IBrokers package provides access to the Interactive Brokers
API for data access (but requires an account to access the service).
The data.table package provides very efficient and fast
access to in-memory data sets such as asset prices.
The TFX package provides an interface to the TrueFX (TM)
service for free streaming real-time and historical
tick-by-tick market data for interbank foreign exchange
rates at the millisecond resolution.
The package highfrequency contains functionality
to manage, clean and match highfrequency trades and quotes
data and enables users to calculate various liquidity
measures, estimate and forecast volatility, and investigate
microstructure noise and intraday periodicity.
The Rbitcoin package offers access to Bitcoin
exchange APIs (mtgox, bitstamp, btce, kraken) via public and
private API calls and integration of data structures for all
The bizdays package compute business days if
provided a list of holidays.
The TAQMNGR package manages tick-by-tick (equity)
transaction data performing 'cleaning', 'aggregation' and
'import' where cleaning and aggregation are performed
according to Brownlees and Gallo (2006).
The Rblpapi package offers efficient access to the Bloomberg API
queries as well as data retrieval both in (regular time-)bars and
ticks (albeit without subsecond resolution).
The finreportr package can download reports from the SEC
Edgar database, and relies on, inter alia, the XBRL
package for parsing these reports.
The GetTDData package imports Brazilian government
bonds data (such as LTN, NTN-B and LFT ) from the Tesouro Direto website.
The fmdates package implements common date calculations
according to the ISDA schedules, and can check for business in
Data from Kenneth French's website can be downloaded
with packages FFdownload and frenchdata.
Individual datasets can also be downloaded with function
French in package NMOF.